Early diastolic left ventricular function in children and adults with aortic stenosis.

Boston, Massachusetts; Chicago, Illinois
Journal of the American College of Cardiology (Impact Factor: 14.09). 06/1985; 5(5):1147-54. DOI: 10.1016/S0735-1097(85)80017-6
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Pressure overload hypertrophy of the left ventricle is associated with abnormal left ventricular early diastolic filling. The roles of the extent of cardiac hypertrophy, depressed left ventricular systolic function and aging in the pathogenesis of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction have not, however, been fully defined. To determine the relative importance of these factors in the pathogenesis of diastolic dysfunction in pressure overload hypertrophy, 16 children and 25 adults with aortic stenosis were compared with 48 normal children and adults, using rates of left ventricular early diastolic filling and wall thinning derived from M-mode echocardiography. Left ventricular early diastolic filling and wall thinning rates were significantly depressed in both children and adults with aortic stenosis as compared with values in normal subjects. Filling and thinning rates correlated negatively with age, left ventricular peak systolic pressure and wall thickness in all subjects. Furthermore, the effect of age on diastolic function appeared to be mediated by age-related increases in systolic pressure and wall thickness. In adults with aortic stenosis, early diastolic filling and wall thinning rates were depressed to a similar extent in subjects with normal and abnormal systolic function; thus, diastolic dysfunction does not appear to be a manifestation of abnormal systolic loading and ejection performance. These results suggest that extent of hypertrophy itself plays a dominant role in the mechanism of impaired left ventricular early diastolic filling in pressure overload due to aortic stenosis.

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    ABSTRACT: To determine the relation between presence and severity of coronary artery disease and diastolic filling abnormalities by Doppler echocardiography, recordings of transmitral inflow velocity were made at rest in 90 patients with coronary artery disease and 28 normals. At the time of the Doppler examination, 81 patients with coronary artery disease (90%) and 10 normals (36%) were treated with antianginal medications. No difference was found in the ratio between early (E) and late (A) diastolic filling velocity (E/A ratio) when comparing patients with greater than 70% obstruction of at least one coronary artery to age-matched normals, regardless of the presence or absence of wall motion abnormalities. The E/A ratio was 1.3 ± 0.46 in coronary patients with normal wall motion, 1.2 ± 0.47 in coronary patients with abnormal wall motion, and 1.3 ± 0.53 in both samples of age-matched normals. Multivariate analysis of the relation between E/A ratio and other variables showed that heart rate (F=24.46, p < 0.00001) and age (F= 19.51, p < 0.00001) were significant independent determinants of the E/A ratio, while the presence or severity of coronary artery disease, the presence of hypertension, the magnitude of wall motion abnormalities, and end-diastolic dimension by echocardiography were not. These data suggest that transmitral inflow velocity recordings by Doppler have limited value for the recognition of coronary artery disease, since the E/A ratio is profoundly influenced by other factors, such as heart rate and age.
    Clinical Cardiology 01/1990; 13(2):108-114. · 1.83 Impact Factor
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    Journal of The American College of Cardiology - J AMER COLL CARDIOL. 01/1987; 9(5):1189-1193.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate whether the evolution of compensated pressure overload hypertrophy (POH) to overt heart failure (HF) is better predicted by systolic versus diastolic dysfunction, serial echocardiography was performed 1, 2, 4, 8, and 10 weeks after suprarenal aortic banding in 52 rats. One week after banding, at comparable extent of left ventricular hypertrophy and geometry, myocardial and chamber systolic performance, a restrictive filling pattern was well evident only in rats which eventually developed overt HF, according to postmortem lung weight. In experimental POH, early assessment of transmitral flow velocity allows to predict a faster progression toward HF.
    Clinical and Experimental Hypertension 11/2012; · 1.28 Impact Factor


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