Article

Early diastolic left ventricular function in children and adults with aortic stenosis.

Boston, Massachusetts; Chicago, Illinois
Journal of the American College of Cardiology (Impact Factor: 14.09). 06/1985; 5(5):1147-54. DOI: 10.1016/S0735-1097(85)80017-6
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Pressure overload hypertrophy of the left ventricle is associated with abnormal left ventricular early diastolic filling. The roles of the extent of cardiac hypertrophy, depressed left ventricular systolic function and aging in the pathogenesis of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction have not, however, been fully defined. To determine the relative importance of these factors in the pathogenesis of diastolic dysfunction in pressure overload hypertrophy, 16 children and 25 adults with aortic stenosis were compared with 48 normal children and adults, using rates of left ventricular early diastolic filling and wall thinning derived from M-mode echocardiography. Left ventricular early diastolic filling and wall thinning rates were significantly depressed in both children and adults with aortic stenosis as compared with values in normal subjects. Filling and thinning rates correlated negatively with age, left ventricular peak systolic pressure and wall thickness in all subjects. Furthermore, the effect of age on diastolic function appeared to be mediated by age-related increases in systolic pressure and wall thickness. In adults with aortic stenosis, early diastolic filling and wall thinning rates were depressed to a similar extent in subjects with normal and abnormal systolic function; thus, diastolic dysfunction does not appear to be a manifestation of abnormal systolic loading and ejection performance. These results suggest that extent of hypertrophy itself plays a dominant role in the mechanism of impaired left ventricular early diastolic filling in pressure overload due to aortic stenosis.

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