Prostaglandin secretion by perifused porcine endometrium: further evidence for an endocrine versus exocrine secretion of prostaglandins.
ABSTRACT Bilateral perifusion devices were utilized for measurement of prostaglandin secretion by luminal and myometrial surfaces of porcine endometrium. Tissues were collected from Days 10, 12 and 14 pregnant, Day 14 cyclic and Day 14 estrogen-induced pseudopregnant gilts. Each tissue was placed into duplicate perifusion devices and perifused with Krebs-Ringer Bicarbonate solution at 3 ml/10 min for 2 h, fractions collected every 10 min and oxytocin (1 IU/ml) perifused during fractions 6-10 to the luminal side of one chamber and to the myometrial side of the other chamber. Secretion rates of PGF were higher (P less than 0.05) than PGE2 for each status. Secretion rates of PGF and PGE2 were higher (P less than 0.01) from the luminal side for Day 12 pregnant, Day 14 pregnant and Day 14 pseudo-pregnant gilts, whereas secretion was higher from the myometrial side for Day 10 pregnant and Day 14 cyclic gilts. Oxytocin increased (P less than 0.01) prostaglandin secretion from the luminal side regardless of reproductive status. Pregnancy at Day 12 and Day 14, as well as estrogen treatment, were associated with prostaglandin secretion in a luminal (exocrine) orientation versus a myometrial (endocrine) orientation for Day 14 cyclic and Day 10 pregnant gilts. These data indicate an estrogen associated switch between Days 10 and 12 of pregnancy from an endocrine to an exocrine secretion of prostaglandins.
- SourceAvailable from: Mark A. Mirando[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: These studies were undertaken to determine how treatment with 100 nM progesterone and/or 10 nM oestradiol-17beta acutely (3 h; Experiment 1) or chronically (72 h; Experiments 2-4) influenced basal and oxytocin (OT)-stimulated prostaglandin (PG) F(2alpha) secretion, in enriched cultures of pig endometrial luminal epithelial, glandular epithelial and stromal cells obtained on Day 16 (Experiments 1, 2 and 4) or Day 12 (Experiment 3) after oestrus. In Experiment 1, acute treatment with progesterone stimulated PGF(2alpha) secretion from each cell type on Day 16, whereas acute oestradiol treatment inhibited the stimulatory action of progesterone on PGF(2alpha) secretion only in glandular epithelial cells. In Experiment 2, OT stimulated phospholipase (PL) C activity in luminal epithelial cells on Day 16 only in the presence of chronic oestradiol treatment. For glandular epithelial cells on Day 16, OT stimulated PLC activity only in the presence of chronic treatment with steroid. In stromal cells on Day 16, OT stimulated PLC activity in the absence of steroids and the response to OT was further enhanced by oestradiol. In the absence of chronic treatment with steroid, OT did not stimulate PGF(2alpha) secretion from luminal epithelial cells, but oestradiol induced a response to OT. For glandular epithelial cells, OT-induced PGF(2alpha) secretion was not altered by steroids, whereas the stimulatory response to OT was inhibited by oestradiol or progesterone in stromal cells. For endometrial cells obtained on Day 12 after oestrus in Experiment 3, OT only stimulated PGF(2alpha) release from glandular epithelial and stromal cells. For luminal epithelial cells obtained on Day 16 after oestrus and cultured under polarizing conditions in Experiment 4, secretion of PGF(2alpha) occurred preferentially from the basolateral surface and was stimulated by OT more from the basolateral surface than from the apical surface. Oxytocin-induced PGF(2alpha) secretion from the apical surface was enhanced by chronic treatment with oestradiol, whereas that from the basolateral surface was enhanced by chronic treatment with progesterone. In summary, oestradiol enhanced OT-induced PGF(2alpha) secretion from the apical surface of luminal epithelial cells and reduced the response of stromal cells to OT, actions that may contribute to the reorientation of PGF(2alpha) from endocrine secretion (i.e. towards the uterine vasculature) to exocrine secretion (i.e. towards the uterine lumen) during pregnancy recognition in pigs.Reproduction Fertility and Development 02/2003; 15(4):197-205. · 2.58 Impact Factor
- Reproduction Fertility and Development 01/2003; 15(4). DOI:10.1071/RD03024 · 2.58 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In pigs, the exact mechanism for the shift in endometrial PGF2alpha secretion from an endocrine to an exocrine mode during pregnancy recognition is not known. The objective of this study was to examine whether this shift involved a change in the responsiveness of luminal epithelial, glandular epithelial and stromal cells to 0 or 100 nM oxytocin. Luminal epithelial cells, glandular epithelial cells and stromal cells were isolated from cyclic, pregnant or oestrogen-induced pseudopregnant gilts on Day 12 (Experiment 1) or Day 16 (Experiment 2) post oestrus (oestrus = Day 0). For cells obtained on Day 12, oxytocin stimulated PGF2alpha secretion by stromal cells (P<0.01) similarly for each reproductive status, whereas oxytocin stimulated PGF2alpha secretion from luminal and glandular epithelial cells (P<0.05) from pregnant and pseudopregnant gilts but not from cyclic gilts. For both concentrations of oxytocin, mean PGF2alpha secretion was less (P<0.05) from stromal cells of pregnant than cyclic gilts. For cells obtained on Day 16, oxytocin stimulated PGF2alpha release from stromal cells of cyclic gilts but not from stromal cells of pregnant gilts. Mean PGF2alpha secretion also was less (P<0.05) from stromal cells of pregnant gilts than cyclic gilts. Oxytocin tended to stimulate PGF2alpha release (P<0.07) from glandular epithelial cells of cyclic but not pregnant or pseudopregnant gilts. Luminal epithelial cells from all reproductive statuses were similarly unresponsive to oxytocin. In conclusion, the increased PGF2alpha secretory response to oxytocin of luminal and glandular epithelial cells from pregnant gilts on Day 12, combined with the decreased response of stromal cells from pregnant gilts on Days 12 and 16, may contribute, in part, to the shift in endometrial PGF2alpha secretion from an endocrine to an exocrine direction during early pregnancy in pigs.Reproduction Fertility and Development 01/2000; 12(3-4):157-64. DOI:10.1071/RD00084 · 2.58 Impact Factor