Increased frequency of complete hydatidiform mole in women with repeated abortion
First Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinic, University of Milan, Italy.Gynecologic Oncology (Impact Factor: 3.77). 11/1988; 31(2):310-4. DOI: 10.1016/S0090-8258(88)80009-X
The association between spontaneous abortion and gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) has been investigated in a study based on 93 women with 2 consecutive (repeated) spontaneous abortions and 82 control subjects who delivered normal babies. Nine molar pregnancies were observed among 7 of the 93 cases of repeated abortion while no control reported previous GTD. This difference was statistically significant and was not explained by allowance for age and number of pregnancies between cases and controls (chi 2(1) = 4.20; P = 0.04). When the observed number (9) of hydatidiform mole in the 385 pregnancies of the women with repeated abortion was compared with the expected one (0.28) based on the regional frequency data, the estimated relative risk was 32.1 with a 95% confidence interval from 13.9 to 63.3. The present findings confirm the association between GTD and spontaneous abortion and indicate that the risk is larger in women with repeated abortions.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The association between spontaneous abortion and ectopic pregnancy was evaluated in a case-control study conducted on 161 women (cases) with recurrent spontaneous abortions (two or more consecutive spontaneous abortions) and 170 control subjects who delivered normal infants. The risk of ectopic pregnancy in women with a history of recurrent spontaneous abortion was about fourfold that of controls (relative risk adjusted for age and number of pregnancies = 4.3; 95% confidence interval 1.4-14.7). This association was confirmed by comparing the observed number of extrauterine pregnancies in women with recurrent spontaneous abortions with the expected number computed from regional data on the frequency of ectopic pregnancies; the estimated relative risk was 3.7, with a 95% confidence interval of 2.2-7.0. The present report found an association between spontaneous abortions and ectopic pregnancies, suggesting some common risk/etiologic factors for these two reproductive failures.Obstetrics and Gynecology 03/1989; 73(2):206-8. · 5.18 Impact Factor
- Clinical Oncology 02/1993; 5(1):46-56. DOI:10.1016/S0936-6555(05)80698-3 · 3.40 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: There have been claims of an increased risk for gestational trophoblastic disease (i.e., hydatidiform mole and choriocarcinoma) in Vietnam since the period of Agent Orange sprayings. In 1990, we conducted a case-control study in Ho Chi Minh City to investigate risk factors for gestational trophoblastic disease in Vietnam. Eighty-seven married women, all of whom had a recent pathologic diagnosis of gestational trophoblastic disease, identified in the Obstetrical and Gynecological Hospital, were included in the study. Eighty-seven married women who were admitted mainly in the surgery departments of the same hospital were the controls, and they were matched to cases for age and area of residence. Odds ratios (ORs), adjusted for matching variables and other potential confounders, were estimated with unconditional logistic regression. A statistically significant trend in risk was observed with previous live births (p = .01). Cases were found to eat less meat per wk (OR = 0.4, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] = 0.2-0.9 for > or = five meat dishes) and to own fewer consumer goods than controls. An increase in risk was associated with the breeding of pigs (OR = 5.7, 95% CI = 1.2-27.6 for raising three or more pigs). A cumulative Agent Orange exposure index was constructed, using the patient's complete residence history. No significant difference was found between cases and controls for this index (OR = 0.7, 95% CI = 0.2-1.8 for high-exposure category), nor was such a difference noted for the agricultural use of pesticides.Archives of Environmental Health An International Journal 10/1996; 51(5):368-74. DOI:10.1080/00039896.1996.9934424
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.