Some differences between men and women who commit suicide.
ABSTRACT Men have persistently had a several-fold higher suicide rate than women. In this study of 204 consecutive suicides, the authors examined three areas in which the men differed from the women. Men used more violent, immediately lethal methods of suicide, were almost three times more likely to be substance abusers, and were more likely to have economic problems as stressors. The authors conclude that while the difference in suicide rate between men and women is complexly determined, the weight of the evidence suggests that more men than women intend to commit suicide.
SourceAvailable from: Jie Zhang[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The gender (male to female) ratio of the Chinese suicide rates is different from those found in the rest of the world. None of the other societies with known suicide data has had female suicide rates higher than those for the males. While we investigate the factors that contribute to the relatively high suicide rates for Chinese women, we also need to ask what makes the relatively low suicide rates for Chinese men. In this study we try to examine some social and cultural variables in rural Chinese youths in order to identify the factors that account for the relatively low rate for men and relatively high rate for women. In rural China, 392 suicides (both men and women) aged 14–35 years consecutively sampled from 16 counties of three provinces were studied with 416 community living controls of the same age range and from the same locations. Case–control psychological autopsy method was used for the data collection. It is found that believing in Confucianism and being married are both protecting the rural young men from suicide, while the two same variables are either risk or non-protecting factors for the Chinese rural young women’s suicide. In rural China, social structure and culture may play an even more important role determining a society’s suicide rates as well as the gender ratios. Thus, suicide prevention may need to include culture specific measures.Sex Roles 02/2013; 70(3-4):146-154. DOI:10.1007/s11199-013-0333-9 · 1.47 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: SUMMARY Object: In this study, we aimed to investigate whether there is a role of absence of social security, immigration history, and other psychosocial risk factors in committed suicides or not. Method: Between the dates 1.1.1996- 31.6.1997 police notes are reviewed about committed suicides in İstanbul. The persons in that list were classified whether they had been treated in Bakırköy Mental Hospital or not. The files of persons committed suicide who were treated there (n=48), were surveyed about the role of absence of social security, history of immigration and other psychosocial risk factors with the aid of a form. Matched group (n=45) who didn’t commit suicide but have same first axis diagnosis, same gender and age used as control group. Results: The patients who had no social security has been found 72.9% in suicide group and 35.6% in control group. Immigration history in last five years has been found as 19.1% in suicide 2.2% control group. Other psychosocial stressors as conviction, being fired, divorce, and being raped are found 48.9%, 13.3% in suicide and control groups respectively.Anadolu Psikiyatri Dergisi 01/2001; 2(4):204-212. · 0.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: African-American women are at high risk for suicide ideation and suicide attempts and use emergency psychiatric services at disproportionately high rates relative to men and other ethnic groups. However, suicide death rates are low for this population. Cultural variables in the African-American community may promote resilience and prevent fatal suicidal behavior among African-American women. The present study evaluated self-reported reasons for living as a protective factor against suicidal intent and suicide attempt lethality in a sample of African-American female suicide attempters (n = 150). Regression analyses revealed that reasons for living were negatively associated with suicidal intent, even after controlling for spiritual well-being and symptoms of depression. These results indicate that the ability to generate and contemplate reasons for valuing life may serve as a protective characteristic against life-threatening suicidal behavior among African-American women. Implications for research and clinical practice are further discussed.Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease 07/2014; 202(8). DOI:10.1097/NMD.0000000000000170 · 1.81 Impact Factor