Structure of fully hydrated bilayer dispersions

Department of Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (Impact Factor: 4.66). 08/1988; 942(1):1-10. DOI: 10.1016/0005-2736(88)90268-4
Source: PubMed


A systemic formalism is developed that shows how the results for absolute specific volumes of multilamellar lipid dispersions may be combined with results from diffraction studies to obtain quantitative characterizations of the average structure of fully hydrated lipid bilayers. Quantities obtained are the area per molecule, the thickness and volumes of the bilayer, the water layer, the hydrocarbon chain layer and the headgroup layer, and where appropriate, the tilt angle of the hydrocarbon chains. In the case of the C phase of DPPC this formalism leads to the detection of inconsistencies between three data. Results for the G phases of DPPC and DLPE are in reasonable agreement with, though more comprehensive than, previous work that used fewer data and equations. Various diffraction data for the F phase of DPPC are in disagreement and it is shown how this disagreement affects results for the bilayer structure. A recent method of McIntosh and Simon for obtaining fluid phase structure utilizing gel phase structure is slightly modified to obtain results for the F phase of DLPE. Methods of obtaining the average methylene and methyl volumes in the fluid phases are critically examined.

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    • "A representation of the reduction in lipid area as a result of the head group encountering a diffusing water molecule as it permeates the bilayer (Nagle and Wiener 1988) where the partition and diffusion coefficients can be evaluated as functions of the their position along a bilayer of thickness d (Fig. 3.3). It is convenient to parse the bilayer into multiple slabs with distinct properties. "
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    ABSTRACT: Water is crucial to the structure and function of biological membranes. In fact, the membrane's basic structural unit, i.e. the lipid bilayer, is self-assembled and stabilized by the so-called hydrophobic effect, whereby lipid molecules unable to hydrogen bond with water aggregate in order to prevent their hydrophobic portions from being exposed to water. However, this is just the beginning of the lipid-bilayer-water relationship. This mutual interaction defines vesicle stability in solution, controls small molecule permeation, and defines the spacing between lamella in multi-lamellar systems, to name a few examples. This chapter will describe the structural and dynamical properties central to these, and other water-lipid bilayer interactions. Lipid-water interactions are ubiquitous in biological systems; our goal is to discuss lipid bilayer-water interactions described in the literature, and more precisely, the ways in which water and lipid bilayers mutually define the structure and dynamics of the lipid-water interface. In fact, the importance of water is such, that bilayer-bilayer interactions have been modeled as the interaction of their associated water shells (Leikin et al. 1993). Keeping this in mind, we begin our discussion with the properties of water at the interface of model membranes. The structure of interfacial water can be described in a number of ways – depending on how one chooses to approach the system. The classical double layer (Debye and Hückel 1923) description of a lipid bilayer in an aqueous solution, the
    Membrane Hydration: The Role of Water in the Structure and Function of Biological Membranes, Edited by E. Anibal Disalvo, 10/2015: chapter Water and Lipid Bilayers: pages 45-67; Springer., ISBN: ISBN 978-3-319-19059-4
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    • "(5)) when a negative deviation from the Stern–Volmer relationship is observed. [27] [28] I 0 I = 1 + K SV [Q ] (1 + K SV [Q ]) (1 − f b ) + f b (5) where f b corresponds to the fraction of light arising from the accessible fluorophores to the quencher. "
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    ABSTRACT: Substitution of Ala 108 and Ala 111 in the 107-115 human lysozyme (hLz) fragment results in a 20-fold increased anti-staphylococcal activity while its hemolytic activity becomes significant (30%) at very high concentrations. This analog displays an additional positive charge near the N-terminus (108) and an extra Trp residue at the center of the molecule (111), indicating that this particular amino acid sequence improves its interaction with the bacterial plasma membrane. In order to understand the role of this arrangement in the membrane interaction, studies with model lipid membranes were carried out. The interactions of peptides, 107-115 hLz and the novel analog ([K(108)W(111)]107-115 hLz) with liposomes and lipid monolayers were evaluated by monitoring the changes in the fluorescence of the Trp residues and the variation of the monolayers surface pressure, respectively. Results obtained with both techniques revealed a significant affinity increase of [K(108)W(111)]107-115 hLz for lipids, especially when the membranes containing negatively charged lipids, such as phosphatidylglycerol. However, there is also a significant interaction with zwitterionic lipids, suggesting that other forces in addition to electrostatic interactions are involved in the binding. The analysis of adsorption isotherms and the insertion kinetics suggest that relaxation processes of the membrane structure are involved in the insertion process of novel peptide [K(108)W(111)]107-115 hLz but not in 107-115 hLz, probably by imposing a reorganization of water at the interphases. In this regard, the enhanced activity of peptide [K(108)W(111)]107-115 hLz may be explained by a synergistic effect between the increased electrostatic forces as well as the increased hydrophobic interactions.
    Colloids and surfaces B: Biointerfaces 10/2013; DOI:10.1016/j.colsurfb.2013.10.025 · 4.15 Impact Factor
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    • "This last feature suggests that Arg perturbs the bilayer packing of PEs causing an increase in the chain mobility and area per molecule , as a consequence of a change in the H-bonding pattern [9]. The enhanced adsorption in gel PE in comparison to gel PC does not correlate with the lower hydration and higher lateral interaction of PEs in comparison to PCs (2 to 4 water molecules per lipid molecule for PEs [10] [11] [12] in comparison to 7–8 water molecules per lipid molecule for PCs in the same state). Clearly, other structural factors should be considered. "
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    ABSTRACT: The interaction of L-arginine with membranes composed by phospholipids with different degrees of methylation of the ethanolamine group was studied by means of surface and dipole potentials and surface pressure variations. The subsequent methylation of the amine head group appears to hinder the synergic response of the adsorption observed in phosphatidylethanolamine membranes. The kinetics of the binding process denotes that the methyl groups are relevant in regulating the specific interaction of the amino acid with the interface by hydrogen bonds. This response can be put in correlation with the function of signal transduction assigned previously to methyl lipids [F. Hirata and J. Axelrod, 1980] and appears to be relevant to understand the mechanism of insertion of arginine residues in peptides of biological interest.
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