MRI of joint fluid in the normal and ischemic hip.

American Journal of Roentgenology (Impact Factor: 2.74). 07/1986; 146(6):1215-8. DOI: 10.2214/ajr.146.6.1215
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT MR images in 36 hips with documented avascular necrosis and 80 hips without evidence of joint disease were studied to determine the amount and appearance of fluid in the joint. All MRI examinations were done on a 1.5-T machine and included coronal images made with relative T2 weighting (repetition times = 2000-2500 msec, echo delays = 60-100 msec). The amount of joint fluid, which had an intense signal higher than fat, was graded from 0 to 3 and analyzed with respect to the patient's age and radiographic stage of avascular necrosis. Joint fluid was seen in 84% of presumed normal hips. Only four (5%) of 80 had enough fluid to surround the femoral neck (grade 2), and none had sufficient fluid to distend the joint capsule (grade 3). In comparison, 21 (58%) of 36 hips with avascular necrosis had grade-2 or grade-3 effusions (p less than 0.005), and some fluid was seen in all. Grade-3 effusions were seen in seven (50%) of 14 hips with flattening of the femoral head, compared with only one (5%) of 20 in which the femoral contour was normal. It is concluded that small amounts of fluid are present in both normal hips and those with avascular necrosis. In avascular necrosis, increased joint fluid may be present before radiographic abnormalities occur, but it is greatest after there is flattening of the femoral head. MRI is a highly sensitive method for detecting fluid in the hip joint.

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    ABSTRACT: Aim of the WorkTo evaluate the role of MRI in diagnosing hip arthritis and correlating it with clinical and laboratory assessments in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA).Patients and Methods The study included 30 patients with JIA with mean age of 13.5 ± 4.5. Disease activity was evaluated by DAS28 score, physician’s global assessment (PGA–VAS), patient’s global assessment (VASglobal) and the assessment of functional ability by (CHAQ). Hip joint evaluation was assessed by hip pain on movement and the degree of limitation of motion (score 0–3). Plain radiography and MRI of the hip joint were performed for all patients. MRI score was done.ResultsMRI of hips was abnormal in 12 (40%) of all patients: 2/8 (25%) of the oligoarticular group, 4/13 (30.8%) of the polyarticular group, 5/7 (71.4%) of the systemic onset group and 1/2(50%) of the enthesitis related group. Comparing mean values of MR scores of the four clinical subsets showed significant difference (p < 0.001). Patients with active disease showed higher MR scores (3.7 ± 1.5) than those with inactive disease (2.1 ± .9) [p < 0.002]. Presence of effusion and gadolinium enhancement were significantly higher in active hips (p < 0.01 and p < 0.001 respectively). VAS–PGA and ESR were significantly correlated with MRI score (p < 0.02 and <0.05 respectively).ConclusionMRI of the hip plays an important role in the study of patients with JIA as it reveals early joint involvement and evaluates the extent of joint disease. This permits intervention at an appropriate time with suitable treatment. Clinical and laboratory findings are inadequate diagnostic tools for the assessment of hip arthritis when comparing with MRI.
    04/2012; 34(2):75–82. DOI:10.1016/j.ejr.2012.03.001
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    American Journal of Roentgenology 05/1988; 150(4):873-8. DOI:10.2214/ajr.150.4.873 · 2.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We compared coronal, large-field-of-view, body-coil MR images with sagittal, small-field-of-view, surface-coil images of 30 hips for their sensitivities in establishing the diagnosis of avascular necrosis; spatially localizing the avascular necrosis; and detecting joint-space narrowing, femoral head collapse, articular cartilage fracture, and joint fluid. We also compared the two separate plane/coil combinations for detection of the "double-line" sign (high signal inside a band of low signal, believed to be characteristic for avascular necrosis) and intertrochanteric conversion of hematopoietic marrow to fatty marrow. Coronal, large-field-of-view, body-coil images provided an adequate screening examination for the presence of avascular necrosis (sensitivity of 94%) and were preferred in all cases for mediolateral localization of focal abnormality. They were also better for assessing joint fluid and detecting fatty conversion of marrow. Sagittal, small-field-of-view, surface-coil images were preferred for anteroposterior localization in all cases and for superoinferior localization of focal abnormality in 15 of 18 cases. They detected additional cases of joint-space narrowing, articular cartilage fracture, and the double-line sign missed by coronal, body-coil images. Sagittal, small-field-of-view, surface-coil images are a valuable adjunct to MR evaluation of femoral avascular necrosis because they provide additional information that may be useful for planning surgical therapy.
    American Journal of Roentgenology 05/1988; 150(5):1073-1078. DOI:10.2214/ajr.150.5.1073 · 2.74 Impact Factor


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