Identification of three major target molecules of IgM antilymphocyte autoantibodies in systemic lupus erythematosus.
ABSTRACT Three cell lymphocyte antigens of m.w. 55,000, 70,000, and 105,000 to 110,000 were identified by Western blotting as targets of IgM autoantibodies in serum from a group of 49 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. The 55- and 70-kDa antigens were well expressed on unstimulated peripheral T cells, whereas the 105- to 110-kDa target was demonstrable only on mitogen-activated T cells and lymphoblastoid T cell lines. Localization of these molecules to the plasma membrane was established by cytoabsorption experiments in which IgM antibody staining of blotted antigens was specifically absorbed from systemic lupus erythematosus serum during 4 degrees C incubations with intact lymphocytes, and by their detection in purified lymphocyte plasma membranes. While the identity of these target antigens vis a vis known surface determinants was not defined, their expression on peripheral T cells from multiple donors and on cell lines of both undifferentiated (HSB-2) and phenotypically mature (Jurkat; HUT 78) types excluded alloantigens, major histocompatibility complex-encoded determinants, and most T cell differentiation antigens as candidates in this regard. Expression of the IgM autoantibody targets on HSB-2 cells argues against discrete T subset specificities as well. IgM reactivity with the 55-, 70-, and 105- to 110-kDa antigens by blotting was highly correlated with antilymphocyte antibody activity in complement-dependent cytotoxicity assays (Fisher's p less than 0.001), and paralleled flow microfluorimetric and microcytotoxicity quantitation of IgM antibody activity in serial observations of individual patients studied during different phases of disease activity. Taken together, these data suggest that IgM lymphocytotoxic antibodies in systemic lupus erythematosus are directed predominantly against a limited number of non-T cell subset-specific antigens.
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ABSTRACT: Cow serum proteome was evaluated by three different complementary approaches in the control group, subclinical and clinical mastitis in order to possibly find differential protein expression useful for a better understanding of the pathophysiology of mastitis as well as for an early diagnosis of the disease. The systemic inflammatory and oxidative stress response in cows with subclinical and clinical mastitis were observed. The collected evidence shows a differential protein expression of serpin A3-1, vitronectin-like protein and complement factor H in subclinical mastitis in comparison with the control. It was also found a differential protein expression of inter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor heavy chain H4, serpin A3-1, C4b-binding protein alpha chain, haptoglobin and apolipoprotein A-I in clinical mastitis compared to the control. Among the inflammatory proteins up-regulated in clinical mastitis, vitronectin is over-expressed in both subclinical and clinical mastitis indicating a strong bacterial infection. This suggests vitronectin as an important mediator in the pathogenesis of the onset of mastitis as well as a valuable marker for diagnosis of the subclinical form of the disease. Obtained data could be useful for the detection of mastitis during the subclinical phase and for a better comprehension of the pathophysiological mechanisms involved in the onset of the disease.Journal of proteomics 05/2012; 75(14):4412-28. DOI:10.1016/j.jprot.2012.05.021 · 5.07 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Little is known about the function of natural IgM autoantibodies, especially that of IgM anti-leukocyte autoantibodies (IgM-ALA). Natural IgM-ALA are present at birth and characteristically increase during inflammatory and infective conditions. Our prior clinical observations and those of other investigators showing fewer rejections in renal and cardiac allografts transplanted into recipients with high levels of IgM-ALA led us to investigate whether IgM-ALA regulate the inflammatory response. In this article, we show that IgM, in physiologic doses, inhibit proinflammatory cells from proliferating and producing IFN-γ and IL-17 in response to alloantigens (MLR), anti-CD3, and the glycolipid α-galactosyl ceramide. We showed in an IgM knockout murine model, with intact B cells and regulatory T cells, that there was more severe inflammation and loss of function in the absence of IgM after renal ischemia reperfusion injury and cardiac allograft rejection. Replenishing IgM in IgM knockout mice or increasing the levels of IgM-ALA in wild-type B6 mice significantly attenuated the inflammation in both of these inflammatory models that involve IFN-γ and IL-17. The protective effect on renal ischemia reperfusion injury was not observed using IgM preadsorbed with leukocytes to remove IgM-ALA. We provide data to show that the anti-inflammatory effect of IgM is mediated, in part, by inhibiting TLR-4-induced NF-κB translocation into the nucleus and inhibiting differentiation of activated T cells into Th-1 and Th-17 cells. These observations highlight the importance of IgM-ALA in regulating excess inflammation mediated by both innate and adaptive immune mechanisms and where the inflammatory response involves Th-17 cells that are not effectively regulated by regulatory T cells.The Journal of Immunology 02/2012; 188(4):1675-85. DOI:10.4049/jimmunol.1101762 · 5.36 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Autoimmune-prone NZB and NZB × NZW F1 mice have a large amount of autoantibodies cytotoxic for thymocytes (natural thymocytotoxic autoantibodies, NTA). We established two distinct monoclonal NTAs (NTA260 and NTA204) from a NZB mouse that react with the majority, but not all of these thymocytes. Flow cytometry analysis showed that NTA260 is positive on subpopulations of peripheral T cells from young mice, in which approximately 65% of CD4+ and 85% of CD8+ T cells were NTA260+. NTA260 also reacted with brain tissues of mice and rats, including Purkinje cells in the cerebellum. Western blot analysis showed that the molecular weight of NTA260 antigen was 55 kDa. In contrast to NTA260, NTA204 reated with peripheral B cells but not with peripheral T cells in mice. NTA204 also reacted with peripheral blood granulocytes and bone marrow myeloid cells from both mice and rats. An immunofluorescence inhibition assay revealed the presence of autoantibodies with specificities of each NTA260 and NTA204 in the sera from NZB mice. As a selective decline in the subset of NTA260+ T cells but not NTA204+ B cells was observed with aging of NZB and NZB × NZW F1 hybrid mice, NTA260 is at least partly related to the observed immunological abnormalities of T cells in these autoimmune-prone New Zealand mice.Clinical Immunology and Immunopathology 01/1990; 53(3-53):475-487. DOI:10.1016/0090-1229(89)90009-3