Understanding and preventing relapse.

American Psychologist (Impact Factor: 6.87). 08/1986; 41(7):765-82. DOI: 10.1037/0003-066X.41.7.765
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Examines relapse by integrating knowledge from the addictive disorders of alcoholism, smoking, and obesity. Commonalities across these areas suggest at least 3 basic stages of behavior change: motivation and commitment, initial change, and maintenance. A distinction is made between lapse and relapse, with lapse referring to the process (slips or mistakes) that may or may not lead to an outcome (relapse). The natural history of relapse is discussed, as are the consequences of relapse for patients and the professionals who treat them. Information on determinants and predictors of relapse is evaluated, with the emphasis on the interaction of individual, environmental, and physiological factors. Methods of preventing relapse are proposed and are targeted to the 3 stages of change. (156 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)

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