The prevalence and impact of major life stressors among pathological gamblers.
ABSTRACT Major traumatic events were discovered in the histories of 23% of pathological gamblers seeking hospital treatment. These high-trauma patients were compared with groups of gambler patients who had experienced insignificant, low, or moderate amounts of life trauma. High-trauma patients tended, as measured by standard psychometrics, to be more depressed, anxious, and avoidant in personality style; they were also more likely to be abusing alcohol or other drugs. In their discussion the authors focus on the concept of learned dysthymia, a chronic state of negative affect related to cumulative life trauma and seemingly instrumental in potentiating addictive euphoria.
SourceAvailable from: Anna Thomas
Technical Report: Gamblers tell their stories life patterns of gambling[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: There are many influences on gambling and gambling harm. This study examines the life patterns of a group of gamblers (including no risk, low risk, moderate risk and problem gamblers). The study found that most gamblers had been exposed to gambling at an early stage but that high risk gamblers had also experienced negative early environments. Gambling motivations varied, with problem gamblers commonly discussing gambling to escape emotional pain and life stresses. Gambling to win money related to a desire to change life and gambling as a skill or challenge was important to those who gambled on skill based games. Gambling as a social experience was another important motivator for some participants. Gambling had resulted in negative impacts for high risk gamblers in particular. Examination of life course shoed that patterns of gambling were very fluid over the life course with behavior changing in response to various events in participants' lives.
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ABSTRACT: Objective: Problem and pathological gamblers are significantly more likely to experience mood disorders compared to the general population. The present study examined the relationship of psychological characteristics (personality, trait impulsiveness, gambling motives) to current co-occurring mood disorder (major depression, dysthymia) status among problem and pathological gamblers. Method: Problem and pathological gamblers (N = 150) underwent a clinical interview to assess current co-occurring mood disorders; participants completed measures of problem gambling severity, personality, impulsiveness, and gambling motives. Results: Gamblers with a current co-occurring mood disorder were more likely to be female, older, and to report higher lifetime and past-year gambling severity. A co-occurring mood disorder was associated with higher personality scores for alienation and stress reaction, lower scores for well-being, social closeness, and control, as well as higher impulsiveness scores for urgency and lack of premeditation, and lower sensation-seeking scores. Participants with a co- occurring mood disorder also reported higher coping motives for gambling. Multivariate logistic regression analyses demonstrated that personality factors (low social closeness, high alienation) contributed the greatest likelihood of being diagnosed with a co-occurring mood disorder. Conclusions: Mood disorders frequently co-occur with problem and pathological gambling, and they are associated with greater gambling severity. These findings highlight that facets of personality contribute substantially to co-occurring mood disorder status.Canadian journal of psychiatry. Revue canadienne de psychiatrie 08/2015; 60(8). · 2.41 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study aimed to explore how gambling involvement and gambling-related problems may be affected by significant life events, psychological co-morbidities and related social factors. Twenty recreational gamblers and 20 people experiencing gambling problems were interviewed, with reflective first-person accounts being analysed to develop a grounded theory. While both groups had experienced various significant life events and psychological co-morbidity, they coped with such events in different ways. The problem gambling group was found to increase their gambling involvement, unlike the recreational gambling group. In contrast to the problem gambling group, most recreational gamblers had strong social support networks and a resilience that helped them cope with significant life events and co-morbidities. A major finding of this study is the importance of resilience and social support when coping with adversity as protective factors against gambling problems. A grounded theory framework is presented as a basis for further research in this area.International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction 10/2014; DOI:10.1007/s11469-014-9527-9 · 0.95 Impact Factor