Sex reassignment surgery in Europe: A survey
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica (Impact Factor: 5.61). 03/1987; 75(2):176-82. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0447.1987.tb02771.x
Since the first publications on a sex reassignment operation in Denmark in the early fifties, the European environment in which sex reassignment surgery (SRS) takes place has changed drastically. However the possibilities differ considerably between one country and another. To get a picture of the European situation a questionnaire was sent out to gender clinics and private practitioners treating transsexuals in 15 European countries. Questions were asked about evaluation of candidates for a treatment program, details of such programs, the legal and financial situation in the different countries and attitudes and place of psychotherapy in the SRS procedure. By and large there seems to be fairly good consensus within those European SRS treatment programs we had the opportunity to evaluate.
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ABSTRACT: The Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association's Standards of Care (Walker et al., 1985) set out minimum standards for the selection of patients for sex reassignment surgery. This survey reports on the standard and policies actually used by clinics in Europe and North America, including their areas of agreement and disagreement with the Standards. To our knowledge, there has been only one prior survey of gender clinic policies, and that was restricted to European treatment facilities. The present survey is aimed at primary caregivers in the medical community; however, it may also be of use to administrators in responding to increasing demands for accountability from special interest groups and from government, with their often divergent agendas. It is our hope that this survey will begin the process of developing more uniform standards of care.Archives of Sexual Behavior 05/1995; 24(2):135-56. DOI:10.1007/BF01541578 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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Article: TranssexualismJournal of Psychosomatic Research 04/1999; 46(4):315-333. DOI:10.1016/S0022-3999(98)00085-3 · 2.74 Impact Factor