[Animal experiments on the psychotropic action of a Hypericum extract].
ABSTRACT Extracts of Hypericum perforatum (Psychotonin M) (St. John's wort) with known concentrations of hypericin were tested in several models generally accepted as screening methods in experimental animal studies for the recognition of psychotropic, and in particular of antidepressant activity. Hypericum extract enhanced the exploratory activity of mice in a foreign environment, significantly prolonged the narcotic sleeping time dose-dependently, and within a narrow dose range exhibited reserpine antagonism. Similar to most other antidepressants, hypericum extract enhanced significantly the activity of mice in the water wheel test and after a prolonged daily administration decreased aggressiveness in socially isolated male mice. The presented data in addition to the already proven clinical efficacy justify the use of standardised Hypericum extract in the treatment of mild to moderate depression.
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this research review is to propose the logic and search mechanism for the development of an artificially intelligent automaton (AIA) that can find affected cells in a 3-dimensional biological system. Research on the possible application of such automatons to detect and control cancer cells in the human body are greatly focused MRI and PET scans finds the affected regions at the tissue level even as we can find the affected regions at the cellular level using the framework. The AIA may be designed to ensure optimum utilization as they record and might control the presence of affected cells in a human body. The proposed models and techniques can be generalized and used in any application where cells are injured or affected by some disease or accident. The best method to import AIA into the body without surgery or injection is to insert small pill like automata, carrying material viz drugs or leukocytes that is needed to correct the infection. In this process, the AIA can be compared to nano pills to deliver or support therapy. NanoHive simulation software was used to validate the framework of this paper. The existing nanomedicine models such as obstacle avoidance algorithm based models (Hla K H S et al 2008) and the framework in this model were tested in different simulation based experiments. The existing models such as obstacle avoidance based models failed in complex environmental conditions (such as changing environmental conditions, presence of semi-solid particles, etc) while the model in this paper executed its framework successfully.Come systems biology, this field of automatons deserves a bigger leap of understanding especially when pharmacogenomics is at its peak. The results also indicate the importance of artificial intelligence and other computational capabilities in the proposed model for the successful detection of affected cells.06/2011;
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ABSTRACT: Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy, resonance Raman spectroscopy and molecular modeling were employed to study the interaction of hypericin (Hyp) with human (HSA), rat (RSA) and bovine (BSA) serum albumins. The identification of the binding site of Hyp in serum albumins as well as the structural model for Hyp/HSA complex are presented. The interactions mainly reflect: (1) a change of the strength of H bonding at the N1-H site of Trp; (2) a change of the Trp side-chain conformation; (3) a change of the hydrophobicity of the Trp environment; and (4) a formation of an H-bond between the carbonyl group of Hyp and a proton donor in HSA and RSA which leads to a protonated-like carbonyl in Hyp. Our results indicate that Hyp is rigidly bound in IIA subdomain of HSA close to Trp214 (distance 5.12 A between the centers of masses). In the model presented the carbonyl group of Hyp is hydrogen bonded to Asn458. Two other candidates for hydrogen bonds have been identified between the bay-region hydroxyl group of Hyp and the carbonyl group of the Trp214 peptidic link and between the peri-region hydroxyl group of Hyp and the Asn458 carbonyl group. It is shown that the structures of the Hyp/HSA and Hyp/RSA complexes are similar to, and in some aspects different from, those found for the Hyp/BSA complex. The role of aminoacid sequence in the IIA subdomains of HSA, RSA and BSA is discussed to explain the observed differences.Photochemistry and Photobiology 09/2001; 74(2):172-83. · 2.29 Impact Factor
- International Conference on Bioinformatics & Computational Biology, BIOCOMP 2010, July 12-15, 2010, Las Vegas Nevada, USA, 2 Volumes; 01/2010