Role of fine needle aspiration cytology in breast cancer screening

Department of Clinical Surgery, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom
Journal of Clinical Pathology (Impact Factor: 2.92). 08/1987; 40(7):705-9. DOI: 10.1136/jcp.40.7.705
Source: PubMed


In a six year period up to the end of December 1985 fine needle aspiration cytology specimens of the breast were obtained from 562 apparently healthy women invited to participate in a breast cancer screening programme. Of these, 397 had a biopsy and 173 cancers were confirmed histologically. For the diagnosis of cancer, the procedure was less successful than in symptomatic cases. The main factors influencing success were the aspirator, the small size of many cancers, and the occult nature of the lesions seen only on mammography. Retrospective analysis of the figures shows that combining the results of FNA cytology in a triple assessment with physical and mammographical findings for restricted selection means that the number of benign biopsy specimens could be reduced considerably.

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    • "It is considered a successful and less complicated procedure with excellent results; however the main factors influencing success should be considered before its procedure to increase its accuracy and these are “the aspirator, the small size of many cancers, and the occult nature of the lesions seen only on mammography” [10]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background. A study was designed to see the role of fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) in palpable breast lumps. Materials and Methods. Four hundred and twenty five (425) patients came to the Department of Pathology King Edward Medical University, Lahore in four years for FNAC of their palpable breast masses from June 2006 to June 2010. FNAC diagnosis was compared with histological diagnosis to see the accuracy of fine needle aspiration cytology for neoplastic lesions. Results. There were 271/425 benign, 120/425 malignant, and 32/425 suspicious smears. Inadequate samples were repeated twice or thrice, and the degree of success was improved with consecutive repeating approaches. The frequency of inadequacy declined from 86 to 18, and 2 for first, second and third attempts, respectively. The number of repeats increased the diagnostic accuracy of aspirates which is statistically significant (P = .000). Invasive ductal carcinoma was the most commonly reported lesion with maximum incidence in the 4th, 5th, and 6th decades followed by invasive lobular carcinoma and other malignant lesions. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, negative predictive value, and the positive predictive value of FNAC was 98%, 100%, 98%, 100%, and 97%, respectively. Conclusion. FNAC serves as a rapid, economical, and reliable tool for the diagnosis of palpable breast lesions because the cytopathological examination of these lesions before operation or treatment serves as an important diagnostic modality.
    Pathology Research International 06/2011; 2011(12):689521. DOI:10.4061/2011/689521
  • The Journal of Pathology 12/1987; 153(4):309-10. DOI:10.1002/path.1711530402 · 7.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There is little doubt that screening by palpation and mammography will reduce the mortality from breast cancer. Most of the studies have been designed to test survival difference and, following diagnosis, patients were treated by a variety of surgeons and methods. We present clinical and pathological data on 32 asymptomatic patients who were screened and found to have breast cancer. Investigation and treatment was performed by one surgeon according to a defined protocol. We confirm that mammography is a more sensitive diagnostic tool than palpation and describe how a review of the patient with the suspicious mammogram will increase the incidence of palpable tumours. We stress the importance of fine-needle aspiration cytology as a diagnostic and localization method. The low incidence of axillary node metastasis in patients with invasive carcinoma is described. More importantly, no patient in this series required treatment by mastectomy. In our experience patients with breast cancer detected by screening are eminently suitable for treatment by breast conservation.
    British Journal of Surgery 07/1988; 75(7):697-9. DOI:10.1002/bjs.1800750724 · 5.54 Impact Factor
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