Article

Comparison of two theorists on care: Orem and Leininger.

University of Windsor, School of Nursing, 401 Sunset Avenue, Windsor, Ontario, N9B 3P4. Canada, and PhD Student in Nursing, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, USA
Journal of Advanced Nursing (Impact Factor: 1.53). 08/1986; 11(4):409-19. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2648.1986.tb01268.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Dorothea Orem and Madeleine Leininger are two nursing scholars who are contributing significantly to the body of nursing knowledge. This paper contrasts their backgrounds, the origins of their theories, their views of the nature of nursing, use of theory development strategies, and contributions to nursing science. The concepts of Leininger's care and Orem's self-care will be compared as these relate to their theories with the examination of similarities and differences.

1 0
 · 
14 Bookmarks
 · 
522 Views
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To examine an ethnographic study using evaluation criteria for theory-testing through verification of personal experience. Ten theory-verification criteria developed by Silva and Sorrel (1992) for inductive methods of inquiry. SCOPE AND SOURCES: A 1995 ethnographic study conducted with Mexican Americans and conceptualized within Orem's Self-Care Deficit Theory of Nursing. Twenty Mexican American key informants were from 13 families. Primary data sources were focused observations and a series of ethnographic interviews. The study, purposes, methods, selected findings, confirmability and credibility of study findings, and relevance to Orem's theory are presented in the context of each criterion. The purpose, design, analysis, and examination of results of the 1995 study sufficiently meet the 10 formative criteria. Because this study can be considered an example of theory verification research, findings are relevant to the development of Orem's theory. Through the use of theory-verification criteria, inductive methods of research can be used to test or verify theory. The testing of nursing theory with diverse populations is an important direction for continued theory development. Use of evaluation criteria can serve as a template for inclusion of diverse perspectives.
    Image--the journal of nursing scholarship 02/1997; 29(3):283-8.
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to assess the self-care agency and factors regarding this agency among patients with hypertensions. This study, descriptive, analytical and cross-sectional in nature, was conducted to evaluate the self-care agency of 120 hypertensive patients at the Cardiology and Internal Diseases Polyclinic of University of Ege, Faculty of Medicine; izmir Atatürk State Hospital; University of Selçuk, Faculty of Medicine; and Karaman State Hospital between July and August 2003. The data were collected by using the self-care agency scale and a questionnaire designed to determine the socio demographic features, and evaluated by means of percentage calculation and chi-square tests. The mean self-care agency rate of the patients in general was moderate. It was determined that educational situation and social insurance affected self-care. Self-care agency and health are related to economic, social and educational factors. Data obtained could be used for policy formulation, health planning, outcome evaluation of instruments, better health education strategies and, ultimately, to demonstrate the worth of nursing in the marketplace.
    Journal of Clinical Nursing 04/2007; 16(4):679-87. · 1.32 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This cross-cultural study attempted to replicate the nursing phenomena of self-care and self-concept using two self-reporting instruments. Both instruments were translated from English into Swedish and administered on a convenience basis to 187 Swedish subjects, 117 women and 70 men, ages 19-66, compulsory to university educated, and residing in the southern districts of Sweden. Swedish mean self-care scores were lower (112.5) than the United States normative group of university nursing and psychology students, but the mean was comparable to East German (113.6) reported from an earlier study. Self-concept scores were similar to Nebraska teachers and East Germans. Alpha coefficients were used to assess reliability, ANOVA for differences, and item correlation of self-care agency were organized by factor analysis with four subfactors identified. The derived subscales appeared to identify potentially useful factors to aid in unravelling the complexity of the self-care agency construct. Study limitations were addressed. Cross-cultural directives for international nursing are discussed.
    Journal of Advanced Nursing 12/1989; 14(11):962-9. · 1.53 Impact Factor

J N Rosenbaum