An examination of the early impact of bereavement on psychological distress in survivors of suicide

The Gerontologist (Impact Factor: 3.21). 11/1987; 27(5):592-8. DOI: 10.1093/geront/27.5.592
Source: PubMed
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    • "Research has shown that suicide bereavement is unique and different than bereavement after a natural death (Jordon, 2001). For example, some studies have shown higher levels of anxiety among family members grieving a death by suicide when compared to a natural or accidental death (Farberow et al., 1987). Other findings have demonstrated that when a student commits suicide, there is a strong emotional reaction among friends and fellow students, especially with those who were already depressed or who were already contemplating suicide (Brent et al., 1989). "
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    ABSTRACT: In what way is the bereavement process following suicide different from other types of bereavement? The participants were 30 survivors of suicide and 30 survivors of car accidents who were interviewed twice at an average of six months, and the second measure was taken at an average of nine months after the death, with standardized questionnaires to measure depression and grief reaction. Measures of shame, social support, family adaptation, psychological distress, and prior losses were also obtained during the second interview. All survivors were parents who had lost a son aged between 18 and 35 years. The results indicate that suicide survivors were more depressed than accident survivors at the first measure but this difference disappeared at the second measure. Survivors of suicide experienced greater feelings of shame and had experienced more life events after the death than did accident survivors. There was also a greater history of loss in parents bereaved by suicide. Parental bereavement after suicide appears to differ in several ways from other types of bereavement and appears to happen more often in vulnerable families.
    Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 02/1995; 25(4):489-92. DOI:10.1111/j.1943-278X.1995.tb00241.x · 1.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Suicide rates by age are highest among older adults. Subpopulations of elderly adults at high risk are identified, including White males, the target of a Healthy People 2000 Objective. Several specific programs are described and a range of measures to prevent suicide in late life are suggested. These measures include primary prevention steps related to education and information dissemination, and secondary prevention involving early identification and assessment of the depressed and suicidal as well as improved referral efforts.
    Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 02/1995; 25(1):180 - 192. DOI:10.1111/j.1943-278X.1995.tb00402.x · 1.40 Impact Factor
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