An Examination of the Early Impact of Bereavement on Psychological Distress in Survivors of Suicide

The Gerontologist (Impact Factor: 3.21). 11/1987; 27(5):592-8. DOI: 10.1093/geront/27.5.592
Source: PubMed
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    • "In an attempt to understand more about these mechanisms, researchers turned to investigating the experiences of individuals with direct exposure to another person's suicide attempt or death. Indeed, not long after Phillips' study, researchers began reporting that adolescents exposed to a friend or family member's attempted or completed suicide were much more likely to report suicidal thoughts (Bjarnason 1994; Bjarnason and Thorlindsson 1994; Farberow et al. 1987; Liu 2006; Tishler 1981) and sometimes attempts (Bearman and Moody 2004). More recently, studies have shown that teenagers who had had no previous suicidal history and who were subsequently exposed to a personal role model's attempted suicide were more likely to develop suicidal thoughts within the next 12 months (Abrutyn and Mueller 2014a). "
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    ABSTRACT: Durkheim posited that social relationships protect individuals against suicide; however, substantial research demonstrates that suicide can spread through the very ties Durkheim theorized as protective. With this study, we use Waves I, III, and IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, to investigate whether young adults' suicide attempts and thoughts are in part products of exposure to suicidal behaviors via their social relationships. We find that young adults who have had family members or friends attempt suicide are more likely to report suicide ideation or even suicide attempts, over both the short and long run. This finding is robust to many important controls for risk and protective factors for suicide. Our findings have implications for the sociology of suicide, not the least of which, is that social ties have the power to harm in addition to the power to protect.
    Sociological Perspectives 06/2015; 58(2):204-222. DOI:10.1177/0731121414556544 · 0.57 Impact Factor
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    • "Research has shown that suicide bereavement is unique and different than bereavement after a natural death (Jordon, 2001). For example, some studies have shown higher levels of anxiety among family members grieving a death by suicide when compared to a natural or accidental death (Farberow et al., 1987). Other findings have demonstrated that when a student commits suicide, there is a strong emotional reaction among friends and fellow students, especially with those who were already depressed or who were already contemplating suicide (Brent et al., 1989). "
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    ABSTRACT: In what way is the bereavement process following suicide different from other types of bereavement? The participants were 30 survivors of suicide and 30 survivors of car accidents who were interviewed twice at an average of six months, and the second measure was taken at an average of nine months after the death, with standardized questionnaires to measure depression and grief reaction. Measures of shame, social support, family adaptation, psychological distress, and prior losses were also obtained during the second interview. All survivors were parents who had lost a son aged between 18 and 35 years. The results indicate that suicide survivors were more depressed than accident survivors at the first measure but this difference disappeared at the second measure. Survivors of suicide experienced greater feelings of shame and had experienced more life events after the death than did accident survivors. There was also a greater history of loss in parents bereaved by suicide. Parental bereavement after suicide appears to differ in several ways from other types of bereavement and appears to happen more often in vulnerable families.
    Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 02/1995; 25(4):489-92. DOI:10.1111/j.1943-278X.1995.tb00241.x · 1.40 Impact Factor
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