An Examination of the Early Impact of Bereavement on Psychological Distress in Survivors of Suicide

The Gerontologist (Impact Factor: 3.21). 11/1987; 27(5):592-8. DOI: 10.1093/geront/27.5.592
Source: PubMed
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    • "In an attempt to understand more about these mechanisms, researchers turned to investigating the experiences of individuals with direct exposure to another person's suicide attempt or death. Indeed, not long after Phillips' study, researchers began reporting that adolescents exposed to a friend or family member's attempted or completed suicide were much more likely to report suicidal thoughts (Bjarnason 1994; Bjarnason and Thorlindsson 1994; Farberow et al. 1987; Liu 2006; Tishler 1981) and sometimes attempts (Bearman and Moody 2004). More recently, studies have shown that teenagers who had had no previous suicidal history and who were subsequently exposed to a personal role model's attempted suicide were more likely to develop suicidal thoughts within the next 12 months (Abrutyn and Mueller 2014a). "
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    ABSTRACT: Durkheim posited that social relationships protect individuals against suicide; however, substantial research demonstrates that suicide can spread through the very ties Durkheim theorized as protective. With this study, we use Waves I, III, and IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, to investigate whether young adults' suicide attempts and thoughts are in part products of exposure to suicidal behaviors via their social relationships. We find that young adults who have had family members or friends attempt suicide are more likely to report suicide ideation or even suicide attempts, over both the short and long run. This finding is robust to many important controls for risk and protective factors for suicide. Our findings have implications for the sociology of suicide, not the least of which, is that social ties have the power to harm in addition to the power to protect.
    Sociological Perspectives 06/2015; 58(2):204-222. DOI:10.1177/0731121414556544 · 0.57 Impact Factor
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    • "There is considerable research that supports Trade's theory (Baller & Richardson, 2002; Bjarnason & Thorlindsson, 1994; Farberow, Galagher, Gilewsky, & Thompson, 1987; Thorlindsson & Bjarnason, 1998). Coming into contact with suicidal individuals increases the risk of suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts among adolescents (Bearman & Moody, 2004; Bjarnason & Thorlindsson, 1994; Farberow et al., 1987; Thorlindsson & Bjarnason, 1998). Research also shows that adolescent suicides tend to cluster within certain areas (Baller & Richardson, 2002). "
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    ABSTRACT: The current study examines the contextual effects of community structural characteristics, as well as the mediating role of key social mechanisms, on youth suicidal behavior in Iceland. We argue that the contextual influence of community structural instability on youth suicidal behavior should be mediated by weak attachment to social norms and values (anomie), and contact with suicidal others (suggestion-imitation). The data comes from a national survey of 14-16 years old adolescents. Valid questionnaires were obtained from 7018 students (response rate about 87%). The findings show that the community level of residential mobility has a positive, contextual effect on adolescent suicidal behavior. The findings also indicate that the contextual effect of residential mobility is mediated by both anomie and suggestion-imitation. The findings offer the possibility to identify communities that carry a substantial risk for adolescent suicide as well as the mechanisms that mediate the influence of community structural characteristics on adolescent risk behavior.
    Journal of Adolescence 09/2008; 32(2):233-45. DOI:10.1016/j.adolescence.2008.04.003 · 2.05 Impact Factor
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    • "Research has shown that suicide bereavement is unique and different than bereavement after a natural death (Jordon, 2001). For example, some studies have shown higher levels of anxiety among family members grieving a death by suicide when compared to a natural or accidental death (Farberow et al., 1987). Other findings have demonstrated that when a student commits suicide, there is a strong emotional reaction among friends and fellow students, especially with those who were already depressed or who were already contemplating suicide (Brent et al., 1989). "

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