The relationship between articulation disorders and motor coordination in children.

The American journal of occupational therapy.: official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association (Impact Factor: 1.7). 09/1986; 40(8):546-50. DOI: 10.5014/ajot.40.8.546
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study was designed to examine the relationship between articulation disorders, soft neurological signs, and motor abilities. Fifteen children with articulation problems, as measured by the Templin-Darley Articulation Screening Test and a connected speech sample, were compared with a normal control group (matched for sex and age) on the Quick Neurological Screening Test, the Imitation of Postures test (from the Southern California Sensory Integration Tests), and the 1984 version of the Stott Test of Motor Impairment that has been revised by Henderson. A significant difference was found between the groups on the Motor Impairment Test and the Quick Neurological Screening Test, supporting the hypothesis that the articulation disorder children would have more motor coordination problems and soft neurological signs than the normal children in the control group. There was no between-group difference on the Imitation of Postures test, suggesting that as a group, children with articulation deficits are not dyspraxic. This study supports other research findings stating a relationship between articulation problems and motor impairment, but it also indicates that this motor impairment is not necessarily dyspraxia.

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    ABSTRACT: The frequent association in the young child of, on the one hand, psychomotor disorders, in particular developmental coordination disorders and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and, on the other hand, oral language disorders makes it necessary to take into considera- tion data from psychomotor testing. Different areas are examined during testing: general and fine motor coordination, balance, gestural and visuo-constructive praxies, the visuospa- tial and visuomotor aspects, laterality and muscle tone. These aspects encourage better- adapted care as well as consideration of more general mechanisms common to both lan- guage and motor skills.
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    ABSTRACT: Children with persistent speech disorders (PSD) often present with overt or subtle motor deficits; the possibility that speech disorders and motor deficits could arise from a shared neurological base is currently unknown. Functional MRI (fMRI) was used to examine the brain networks supporting fine motor praxis in children with PSD and without clinically identified fine motor deficits. This case-control study included 12 children with PSD (mean age 7.42 years, 4 female) and 12 controls (mean age 7.44 years, 4 female). Children completed behavioral evaluations using standardized motor assessments and parent reported functional measures. During fMRI scanning, participants completed a cued finger tapping task contrasted passive listening. A general linear model approach identified brain regions associated with finger tapping in each group and regions that differed between groups. The relationship between regional fMRI activation and fine motor skill was assessed using a regression analysis. Children with PSD had significantly poorer results for rapid speech production and fine motor praxis skills, but did not differ on classroom functional skills. Functional MRI results showed that children with PSD had significantly more activation in the cerebellum during finger tapping. Positive correlations between performance on a fine motor praxis test and activation multiple cortical regions were noted for children with PSD but not for controls. Over-activation in the cerebellum during a motor task may reflect a subtle abnormality in the non-speech motor neural circuitry in children with PSD. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    Brain Research 12/2014; 1597. DOI:10.1016/j.brainres.2014.11.047 · 2.83 Impact Factor


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