Prolactin administration stimulates rat hepatic DNA synthesis.

Department of Pharmacology, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, AZ 85724, USA; Department of Surgery, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, AZ 85724, USA; Veterans Administration Medical Center3, Tucson, AZ 85723, USA
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications (Impact Factor: 2.28). 09/1986; 138(3):1138-45. DOI: 10.1016/S0006-291X(86)80401-6
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Prolactin is an important growth modulatory hormone in fetal and adult tissues. Its administration stimulates enzymatic markers of the G1 phase of cell cycle in rat liver and other tissues. To determine the effects of prolactin administration on hepatic DNA synthesis (S phase), rats received prolactin at 12 hour intervals for 48 hours and DNA synthesis was assessed by [3H]-thymidine incorporation. Prolactin administration stimulated DNA synthesis 2-4 fold above controls in the livers of adult and weanling animals. Increased incorporation of radiolabel was associated with the nucleus of hepatoparenchymal cells. These data support the hypothesis that prolactin may be a physiological regulator of hepatic DNA synthesis. Further, since stress stimulates prolactin secretion, we suggest that prolactin may participate in the hepatic compensatory hyperplasia elicited by the stress associated with partial hepatectomy.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The prostate gland of many animals, including humans, produces and secretes extremely high levels of citrate. To achieve this function, prostate secretory epithelial cells possess unique metabolic properties that permit accumulation and ultimate secretion (net citrate production) of citrate. Mounting evidence continues to support the concept that prostate epithelial cells possess a limiting mitochondrial (m)-aconitase activity that minimizes citrate oxidation and results in the accumulation of citrate synthesized by the cells. Recent studies have revealed that prolactin (PRL) stimulates net citrate production of rat lateral prostate (RLP). The mechanism of this PRL effect has not been established. The current studies were concerned with the possibility that PRL might be involved in the regulation of citrate oxidation and m-aconitase of prostate cells. Studies were conducted with RLP, RVP (rat ventral prostate), RDP (rat dorsal prostate), and kidney cells. The results showed that PRL in vitro and in vivo decreased citrate utilization and the level of m-aconitase in RLP cells, and conversely increased citrate utilization and m-aconitase in RVP cells. Furthermore, PRL had no effect on either RDP or kidney cells. The effects of PRL on both citrate utilization and m-aconitase of RLP and RVP were abolished by cycloheximide and actinomycin. Mitochondrial studies revealed that PRL decreased citrate oxidation of RLP and increased citrate oxidation of RVP, but had no effect on isocitrate oxidation. In conclusion, these studies establish that PRL has a physiological role in the regulation of citrate oxidation in prostate, and that this action is associated with PRL regulation of the biosynthesis of m-aconitase. Furthermore, the effects of PRL are cell-specific and targeted at m-aconitase.
    Metabolism 05/1996; 45(4):442-9. · 3.10 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We previously reported that a single intraperitoneal injection of prolactin (PRL) in female adult rats rapidly and transiently activates mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in the liver (Piccoletti et al., (1994) Biochem. J. 303, 429-423). Here we analysed the PRL signalling pathway that accounts for MAPK activation. We found that total liver MAPK kinase-1 phosphorylating activity and Raf-1 activity significantly increase after PRL treatment, following a time course that accounts for the activation of MAPK. We also identified a significant increase in the phosphotyrosine content of the 52 kDa Shc protein, accompanied by an increase in Shc coimmunoprecipitated Grb2, which suggests the Ras involvement by PRL. We found that Janus kinase (JAK)2 tyrosine kinase, which appears constitutively associated with the PRL receptor expressed in the liver, is activated and associated with Shc proteins after in vivo PRL treatment. Taken together our data provide evidence that in vivo PRL activates the Shc Ras Raf MAPK cascade in the liver by the involvement of JAK2 and suggests the possibility that the liver short form of PRL receptor plays a role in triggering this signalling pathway.
    Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 01/1998; 135(2):169-77. · 4.04 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Immunoperoxidase method combined with cytofluorimetry showed that in contrast to hepatocytes, enhanced expression of prolactin receptors on rat cholangiocytes induced by common bile duct ligation cannot be suppressed by the prolactin secretion inhibitor bromocriptine.
    Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine 01/1998; 126(1):687-689. · 0.34 Impact Factor