X-ray Studies of Two Neutron Stars in 47 Tucanae: Toward Constraints on the Equation of State

The Astrophysical Journal (Impact Factor: 6.73). 01/2003; DOI: 10.1086/374039
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT We report spectral and variability analysis of two quiescent low mass X-ray binaries (X5 and X7, previously detected with the ROSAT HRI) in a Chandra ACIS-I observation of the globular cluster 47 Tuc. X5 demonstrates sharp eclipses with an 8.666+-0.01 hr period, as well as dips showing an increased N_H column. The thermal spectra of X5 and X7 are well-modeled by unmagnetized hydrogen atmospheres of hot neutron stars. No hard power law component is required. A possible edge or absorption feature is identified near 0.64 keV, perhaps an OV edge from a hot wind. Spectral fits imply that X7 is significantly more massive than the canonical 1.4 \Msun neutron star mass, with M>1.8 \Msun for a radius range of 9-14 km, while X5's spectrum is consistent with a neutron star of mass 1.4 \Msun for the same radius range. Alternatively, if much of the X-ray luminosity is due to continuing accretion onto the neutron star surface, the feature may be the 0.87 keV rest-frame absorption complex (O VIII & other metal lines) intrinsic to the neutron star atmosphere, and a mass of 1.4 \Msun for X7 may be allowed. Comment: 16 pages, 7 figures, accepted by ApJ

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    ABSTRACT: We report our analysis of a Chandra X-ray observation of the rich globular cluster M80, in which we detect some 19 sources to a limiting 0.5-2.5 keV X-ray luminosity of 7*10^30 ergs/s within the half-mass radius. X-ray spectra indicate that two of these sources are quiescent low-mass X-ray binaries (qLMXBs) containing neutron stars. We identify five sources as probable cataclysmic variables (CVs), one of which seems to be heavily absorbed, implying high inclination. The brightest CV may be the X-ray counterpart of Nova 1860 T Sco. The concentration of the X-ray sources within the cluster core implies an average mass of 1.2+/-0.2 Msun, consistent with the binary nature of these systems and very similar to the radial distribution of the blue stragglers in this cluster. The X-ray and blue straggler source populations in M80 are compared to those in the similar globular cluster 47 Tuc. Comment: Submitted to ApJ. 15 pages, 6 figures
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