Acoustic impedance matching of medical ultrasound transducers.
ABSTRACT Ultrasonic transducers for pulse-echo systems are studied both theoretically and experimentally. For the theoretical calculations the Mason model for thickness-mode disc transducers with and without backing and matching layers is used. By building several of the theoretically investigated transducer configurations it is shown that theory and experiment agree well. Thus the properties of a transducer can be predicted to a good approximation before its experimental realization. To find transducers with good sensitivity and short pulses, the pulse shape and frequency response for the following classes of transducers were studied both theoretically and experimentally: transducers with backing only, transducers with heavy backing and front matching layers, and air-backed transducers with front matching layers.