Domperidone in defective and insufficient lactation.
ABSTRACT The clinical use of anti-dopaminergic drugs to stimulate plasma PRL levels, to induce lactogenesis and maintain an adequate lactation has been widely suggested, taking into consideration the main inhibitory role of hypothalamic dopamine on PRL secretion. We therefore studied the effects of domperidone (DOM), a direct anti-dopaminergic drug with a low tendency to be secreted in the milk and which does not cross the blood-brain barrier, on inducing lactogenesis in 8 puerperal women with a history of defective lactogenesis (group A) and inducing galactopoiesis in 9 puerperal women who showed 2 weeks after delivery an insufficient lactation (group B). A placebo treatment was performed in 7 and 8 puerperal women with the same characteristics of group A and B, respectively. PRL plasma levels were assayed in basal conditions and after suckling from the 2nd to the 5th day of puerperium in group A and through a 10-day treatment in group B. In both groups domperidone-treated subjects always showed baseline PRL levels and daily milk yield significantly higher than those of the placebo group (P less than 0.01). The lack of any side-effects and the positive results suggest a high usefulness of such a drug in inducing and/or maintaining successful breast feeding, which is at present considered so important for a healthy development of infants.
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ABSTRACT: Insufficient breast milk is the most common reason for premature termination of breast-feeding. The causes of lactation insufficiency are usually multifactorial; in a small percentage of cases it is due to primary lactation failure of unknown origin. The aim of this study was to investigate whether lactation insufficiency of unknown origin could be caused by serum lactogens that had reduced biological activity. Women with lactation insufficiency of unknown origin and normal lactating controls were subjected to a standardized breast-feeding test for assessment of milk production. Thirty minutes later, serum samples were obtained for determination of total lactogen bioactivity, using an in-vitro bioassay, and levels of prolactin (PRL) and growth hormone (GH) using radioimmunoassay (RIA). Twelve lactating mothers with a clinical diagnosis of lactation insufficiency of unknown origin were compared with 12 matched mothers with normal lactation. The Nb2 lymphoma cell bioassay was used to measure total lactogen bioactivity in sera. Conventional RIA kits were used to estimate serum PRL and GH concentrations. Mean milk yield on standardized test feed was 21.6 ml for patients and 146.5 ml for controls. In both patient and control groups the total serum lactogen bioactivity ranged from about 150 to 5000 mIU/l, while the serum RIA (PRL+GH) levels ranged from about 350 to over 7000 mIU/l. There was no evidence of lactogens with reduced bioactivity in the patients' sera. Lactation insufficiency in the women studied cannot be explained by serum lactogens that possess unusually low bioactivity.Clinical Endocrinology 09/1994; 41(2):193-8. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2265.1994.tb02529.x · 3.35 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Varying degrees of success have been reported with strategies to increase milk production when lactation is failing. The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy of domperidone in augmenting milk production in mothers of premature newborns. Twenty patients were randomly assigned to receive either domperidone or placebo for 7 days. Milk volume was measured daily. Domperidone levels were measured in randomly selected milk and serum samples on day 5 of the study. Serum prolactin levels were measured before the start of the study, on day 5 and on day 10 (3 days after the last dose of the study medication). Data from 16 patients were available for analysis (7 in the domperidone group and 9 in the placebo group). When compared with baseline values, the mean increase in the volume of milk production from day 2 to 7 was 49.5 (standard deviation [SD] 29.4) mL in the domperidone group and 8.0 (SD 39.5) mL in the placebo group (p < 0.05); proportionally this represented an increase of 44.5% and 16.6% respectively. The serum prolactin levels were similar in the 2 groups at baseline; by day 5 they were significantly higher in the domperidone group than in the placebo group, returning to baseline levels in both groups 3 days after the last dose of the study medication. Very small amounts of domperidone were detected in the breast milk samples. In the short term domperidone increases milk production in women with low milk supply and is detected at low levels in breast milk.Canadian Medical Association Journal 01/2001; 164(1):17-21. · 5.81 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A case of a successful induction of lactation in a commissioning mother of a surrogate pregnancy is reported. Induction of lactation was achieved with oral metoclopramide which was well tolerated. Alternative methods to induce lactation are reviewed. The advantages of breast-feeding and the relative ease with which lactation can be induced after a surrogate pregnancy would suggest that this could be offered to all commissioning mothers.Human Reproduction 04/2001; 16(3):581-3. DOI:10.1093/humrep/16.3.581 · 4.59 Impact Factor