Article

# Constraint of Non-Thermal X-Ray Emission from the On-Going Merger Cluster Abell 3376 with Suzaku

[more]
(Impact Factor: 2.07). 06/2008; 61(sp1). DOI: 10.1093/pasj/61.sp1.S377
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT

Clusters of galaxies are among the best candidates for particle acceleration sources in the universe, a signature of which is non-thermal hard X-ray emission from the accelerated relativistic particles. We present early results on Suzaku observations of non-thermal emission from Abell 3376, which is a nearby on-going merger cluster. Suzaku observed the cluster twice, focusing on the cluster center containing the diffuse radio emission to the east, and cluster peripheral region to the west. For both observations, we detect no excess hard X-ray emission above the thermal cluster emission. An upper limit on the non-thermal X-ray flux of $2.1\times10^{-11}$ erg cm$^{-2}$ s$^{-1}$ (15--50 keV) at the 3$\sigma$ level from a $34\times34$ arcmin$^2$ region, derived with the Hard X-ray Detector (HXD), is similar to that obtained with the BeppoSAX/PDS. Using the X-ray Imaging Spectrometer (XIS) data, the upper limit on the non-thermal emission from the West Relic is independently constrained to be $<1.1\times10^{-12}$ erg s$^{-1}$ cm$^{-2}$ (4$-$8 keV) at the 3$\sigma$ level from a 122 arcmin$^2$ region. Assuming Compton scattering between relativistic particles and the cosmic microwave background (CMB) photons, the intracluster magnetic field $B$ is limited to be $>0.03\mu$G (HXD) and $>0.10\mu$G (XIS).

### Full-text

Available from: Naomi Ota, Dec 04, 2012
0 Followers
·
• Source
##### Article: Suzaku Observation of the Radio Halo Cluster Abell 2319: Gas Dynamics and Hard X-ray Properties
[Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We present the results of Suzaku observation of the radio halo cluster Abell 2319. The metal abundance in the central cool region is found to be higher than the surrounding region, which was not resolved in the former studies. We confirm that the line-of-sight velocities of the intracluster medium in the observed region are consistent with those of the member galaxies of entire A2319 and A2319A subgroup for the first time, though any velocity difference within the region is not detected. On the other hand, we do not find any signs of gas motion relevant to A2319B subgroup. Hard X-ray emission from the cluster is clearly detected, but its spectrum is likely thermal. Assuming a simple single temperature model for the thermal component, we find that the upper limit of the non-thermal inverse Compton component becomes $2.6 \times 10^{-11}$ erg s$^{-1}$ cm$^{-2}$ in the 10-40 keV band, which means that the lower limit of the magnetic field is 0.19 $\mu$G with the radio spectral index 0.92. Although the results slightly depend on the detailed spectral modeling, it is robust that the upper limit of the power-law component flux and lower limit of the magnetic field strength become $\sim 3 \times 10^{-11}$ erg s$^{-1}$ cm$^{-2}$ and $\sim 0.2 \mu$G, respectively. Considering the lack of a significant amount of very hot ($\sim 20$ keV) gas and the strong bulk flow motion, it is more likely that the relativistic non-thermal electrons responsible for the radio halo are accelerated through the intracluster turbulence rather than the shocks. Comment: 12 pages, 15 figures, accepted for publication in PASJ
Publications- Astronomical Society of Japan 09/2009; 61(6). DOI:10.1093/pasj/61.6.1293 · 2.07 Impact Factor
• Source
##### Article: Study of the Large-scale Temperature Structure of the Perseus Cluster with Suzaku
[Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We report on a study of the large-scale temperature structure of the Perseus cluster with Suzaku, using the observational data of four pointings of 30' offset regions, together with the data from the central region. Thanks to the Hard X-ray Detector (HXD-PIN: 10 - 60 keV), Suzaku can determine the temperature of hot galaxy clusters. We performed the spectral analysis, by considering the temperature structure and the collimator response of the PIN correctly. As a result, we found that the upper limit of the temperature in the outer region is $\sim$ 14 keV, and an extremely hot gas, which was reported for RXJ 1347.5-1145 and A 3667, was not found in the Perseus cluster. This indicates that the Perseus cluster has not recently experienced a major merger.
Publications- Astronomical Society of Japan 02/2010; DOI:10.1093/pasj/62.1.9 · 2.07 Impact Factor
• Source
##### Article: GMRT observations of the Ophiuchus galaxy cluster
[Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: VLA observations at 1477 MHz revealed the presence of a radio mini-halo surrounding the faint central point-like radio source in the Ophiuchus cluster of galaxies. In this work we present a study of the radio emission from this cluster of galaxies at lower radio frequencies. We observed the Ophiuchus cluster at 153, 240, and 614 MHz with the GMRT. The mini-halo is clearly detected at 153 and 240 MHz while it is not detected at 610 MHz. The most prominent feature at low frequencies is a patch of diffuse steep spectrum emission located at about 5' south-east from the cluster center. By combining these images with that at 1477 MHz, we derived the spectral index of the mini-halo. Globally, the mini-halo has a low-frequency spectral index of alpha_240^153 ~1.4 +/- 0.3 and an high-frequency spectral index of alpha_1477^240 ~ 1.60 +/- 0.05. Moreover, we measure a systematic increase of the high-frequency spectral index with radius: the azimuthal radial average of alpha_1477^240 increases from about 1.3, at the cluster center, up to about 2.0 in the mini-halo outskirts. The observed radio spectral index is in agreement with that obtained by modeling the non-thermal hard X-ray emission in this cluster of galaxies. We assume that the X-ray component arises from inverse Compton scattering between the photons of the cosmic microwave background and a population of non-thermal electrons which are isotropically distributed and whose energy spectrum is a power law with index p. We derive that the electrons energy spectrum should extend from a minimum Lorentz factor of gamma_min < 700 up to a maximum Lorentz factor of gamma_max =3.8 x 10^4 with an index p=3.8 +/- 0.4. The volume-averaged strength for a completely disordered intra-cluster magnetic field is B_V ~0.3 +/- 0.1 micro-G. Comment: 14 pages, 8 figures, accepted for publication in Astronomy and Astrophysics. For a version with high-quality figures see http://erg.ca.astro.it/preprints/ophi_2010/
Astronomy and Astrophysics 02/2010; 514. DOI:10.1051/0004-6361/201014126 · 4.38 Impact Factor