Synchronous neuroblastoma and von Recklinghausen's disease: a review of the literature.
ABSTRACT We report an unusual case of progressive disseminated neuroblastoma occurring in a child with a family history and stigmata of von Recklinghausen's disease. A review of the literature confirms the extreme rarity of finding these two neurocristopathies in a single individual and thus undermines the widely held notion of an association--genetic or otherwise--between these two entities. We propose that synchronous neuroblastoma and von Recklinghausen's disease is accounted for by chance alone and therefore represents a randomly occurring phenomenon.
- SourceAvailable from: Garrett M BrodeurCancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 10/1989; 41(2):153-74. DOI:10.1016/0165-4608(89)90243-4 · 1.93 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) patients are susceptible to tumor development. In the present study we describe a child with NF1 and disseminated neuroblastoma whose death resulted from disease progression. The mother had café-au-lait spots suggesting a familial NF1. Neuroblastoma cells showed MYCN amplification and chromosome 1p36 deletion, common features associated with tumor progression in this malignancy. The NF1 gene displayed a germline T --> C transition of intron 14 in both the proband and mother DNA. This mutation, not yet previously described, occurs in a splicing donor site and produces a new mRNA variant observed together with normal NF1 mRNA. Furthermore, the SSCP analysis of the NF1 gene in tumor cells showed a somatic deletion encompassing the intron 26 and 27b of the paternal NF1 allele. Hence, neuroblastoma cells displayed both somatic and germline mutation of the NF1 gene. Our data suggest that, although rare, neuroblastoma in patients with NF1 may display homozygous gene inactivation.American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A 01/2003; 118A(4):309-13. DOI:10.1002/ajmg.a.10167 · 2.05 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Although tumors are a known complication of von Recklinghansen's neurofibromatosis (NF), they often develop after the second decade and their characteristics in the pediatric population are unclear. To define the frequency and distribution of tumor types in children with NF, the authors reviewed the experience at Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh between 1953 and 1984. During that time, 121 children younger than 18 years with documented NF were seen. Three patients (2.5%) developed locally extensive, unresectable sarcomas, two of which were clearly neural in origin. Two other children died from complications of highly cellular but not histologically malignant neurofibromas. Seventeen patients (14%) had brain tumors, of which 3 (2.5%) were malignant astrocytomas and 9 were optic gliomas. Two children had acute myelogenous leukemia. Although it has been said that patients with NF are particularly susceptible to the oncogenic effects of radiation, 12 children were treated with a median of 5000 rad to their tumor bed. Follow-up after radiation in that small cohort of patients ranged from 6 months to 12 years (mean, 6 years). Eleven of 12 patients experienced adequate local control. During the follow-up period, none developed a second tumor outside or within the radiation port that could be related to radiation. The authors conclude that clinically significant tumors in children with NF, not all of which are histologically malignant, are not rare. Although more prospective information is needed on response to and sequelae from therapy, the data in this report suggest no contraindication to aggressive therapy.Cancer 03/1986; 57(6):1225 - 1229. DOI:10.1002/1097-0142(19860315)57:6<1225::AID-CNCR2820570627>3.0.CO;2-P · 4.90 Impact Factor