Neurovisceral and skeletal GM1-gangliosidosis in dogs with beta-galactosidase deficiency.
ABSTRACT Beta-galactosidase-deficient siblings in two litters of English springer spaniel puppies showed a progressive neurological impairment, dwarfism, orbital hypertelorism, and dysostosis multiplex. An excess of GM1-ganglioside was found in the brain. Three abnormal oligosaccharides were present in samples of urine, brain, liver, and cartilage. Light microscopy of selected tissue specimens revealed cytoplasmic vacuoles in neurons, circulating blood cells, macrophages, and chondrocytes. Ultrastructural studies demonstrated that these membrane-bound vacuoles were of two types--one containing lamellated membranes and the other, finely granular material. These clinical and pathological findings are similar to those observed in human patients affected by the infantile form of GM1-gangliosidosis.
- SourceAvailable from: ncbi.nlm.nih.gov[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The dog serves as a large animal model for multiple neurologic diseases that may potentially benefit from neural progenitor cell (NPC) transplantation. In the adult brain, multipotent NPCs reside in the subventricular zone and its rostral and caudal extensions into the olfactory bulb and hippocampus. The olfactory bulb represents a surgically accessible site for obtaining cells for autologous NPC transplantation. To model conditions that would occur for ex vivo gene therapy in the postnatal brain, NPCs were isolated from the canine olfactory bulb, expanded ex vivo under different culture conditions, and compared quantitatively for growth and immunophenotype. Under standard growth conditions, canine olfactory bulb-derived NPCs (OB-cNPCs) could be expanded nearly 500-fold in the time evaluated. Canine OB-cNPCs grown on poly-d-lysine (PDL) or on PDL-fibronectin had similar growth rates, whereas supplementation with leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) resulted in significantly slower growth. However, when OB-cNPC cultures were grown on PDL-fibronectin or PDL supplemented with LIF, a greater proportion of cells with neuronal markers were generated upon differentiation.Journal of Neuroscience Methods 04/2008; 169(1):158-67. DOI:10.1016/j.jneumeth.2007.12.011 · 1.96 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Transfection of Mv1Lu mink lung type II alveolar cells with beta1-6-N-acetylglucosaminyl transferase V is associated with the expression of large lysosomal vacuoles, which are immunofluorescently labeled for the lysosomal glycoprotein lysosomal-associated membrane protein-2 and the beta1-6-branched N-glycan-specific lectin phaseolis vulgaris leucoagglutinin. By electron microscopy, the vacuoles present the morphology of multilamellar bodies (MLBs). Treatment of the cells with the lysosomal protease inhibitor leupeptin results in the progressive transformation of the MLBs into electron-dense autophagic vacuoles and eventual disappearance of MLBs after 4 d of treatment. Heterologous structures containing both membrane lamellae and peripheral electron-dense regions appear 15 h after leupeptin addition and are indicative of ongoing lysosome-MLB fusion. Leupeptin washout is associated with the formation after 24 and 48 h of single or multiple foci of lamellae within the autophagic vacuoles, which give rise to MLBs after 72 h. Treatment with 3-methyladenine, an inhibitor of autophagic sequestration, results in the significantly reduced expression of multilamellar bodies and the accumulation of inclusion bodies resembling nascent or immature autophagic vacuoles. Scrape-loaded cytoplasmic FITC-dextran is incorporated into lysosomal-associated membrane protein-2-positive MLBs, and this process is inhibited by 3-methyladenine, demonstrating that active autophagy is involved in MLB formation. Our results indicate that selective resistance to lysosomal degradation within the autophagic vacuole results in the formation of a microenvironment propicious for the formation of membrane lamella.Molecular Biology of the Cell 02/2000; 11(1):255-68. DOI:10.1091/mbc.11.1.255 · 4.55 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Three female siblings in a litter of seven Portuguese Water dogs (PWDs) showed clinical signs of ataxia and/or lameness at 5 months of age. Signs of cerebellar dysfunction (intention tremors, ataxia, widebased stance, dysmetria, and/or nystagmus) and mild limb weakness developed rapidly. Results of hemograms (three dogs), blood chemistry profiles (two dogs), urinalyses (two dogs), electroencephalograms (two dogs), and radiographs of the limbs or pelvis (three dogs), vertebrae (two dogs), and skull (one dog) were unremarkable except for an absolute lymphocytosis in one dog. Routine cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analyses were normal in all three dogs. However, the CSF creatine kinase concentration was elevated in the one dog in which it was measured. Mucopolysacchariduria was present in all three dogs. Due to the rapid progression of clinical signs and a poor prognosis, all three dogs were euthanatized between 6 and 7 months of age. Histopathologic and electron microscopic studies showed neuronal cytoplasmic inclusions, vacuolated hepatocytes, and vacuolated renal tubular epithelial cells, compatible with the diagnosis of a storage disease. Beta-galactosidase activities in leukocytes, serum, and brain homogenates were reduced when compared with that in normal dogs and the stored product was identified as GM1 ganglioside, confirming GM1 gangliosidosis.Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine 3(1):1-7. · 2.22 Impact Factor