Overproduction of 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase in a glyphosate-tolerant Petunia hybrida cell line.

Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics (Impact Factor: 3.04). 02/1986; 244(1):169-78. DOI: 10.1016/0003-9861(86)90106-2
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Analysis of a Petunia hybrida cell culture (MP4-G) resistant to 1 mM glyphosate revealed a 15- to 20-fold increased level of 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate (EPSP) synthase in the herbicide-tolerant strain. Immunoblotting and enzyme kinetic measurements established that the increased EPSP synthase activity resulted from overproduction of a herbicide-sensitive form of the enzyme. Homogeneous enzyme preparations were obtained from the herbicide-tolerant cell line by sequential ion-exchange, hydroxyapatite, hydrophobic-interaction, and molecular sieve chromatography. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and molecular sieve chromatography established the Petunia enzyme to be a monomeric protein with Mr 49,000-55,800. Km values for phosphoenolpyruvate and shikimate 3-phosphate were about 14 and 18 microM, respectively. Glyphosate inhibited the enzyme competitively with phosphoenolpyruvate (Ki = 0.17 microM). These experiments provide further evidence that EPSP synthase is a major site of glyphosate action in plant cells.

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