Overproduction of 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase in a glyphosate-tolerant Petunia hybrida cell line.
ABSTRACT Analysis of a Petunia hybrida cell culture (MP4-G) resistant to 1 mM glyphosate revealed a 15- to 20-fold increased level of 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate (EPSP) synthase in the herbicide-tolerant strain. Immunoblotting and enzyme kinetic measurements established that the increased EPSP synthase activity resulted from overproduction of a herbicide-sensitive form of the enzyme. Homogeneous enzyme preparations were obtained from the herbicide-tolerant cell line by sequential ion-exchange, hydroxyapatite, hydrophobic-interaction, and molecular sieve chromatography. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and molecular sieve chromatography established the Petunia enzyme to be a monomeric protein with Mr 49,000-55,800. Km values for phosphoenolpyruvate and shikimate 3-phosphate were about 14 and 18 microM, respectively. Glyphosate inhibited the enzyme competitively with phosphoenolpyruvate (Ki = 0.17 microM). These experiments provide further evidence that EPSP synthase is a major site of glyphosate action in plant cells.
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ABSTRACT: Understanding evolutionary interactions among crops and weeds can facilitate effective weed management. For example, gene flow from crops to their wild or weedy relatives can lead to rapid evolution in recipient populations. In rice (Oryza sativa), transgenic herbicide resistance is expected to spread to conspecific weedy rice (Oryza sativa f. spontanea) via hybridization. Here, we studied fitness effects of transgenic over-expression of a native 5-enolpyruvoylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (epsps) gene developed to confer glyphosate resistance in rice. Controlling for genetic background, we examined physiological traits and field performance of crop-weed hybrid lineages that segregated for the presence or absence of this novel epsps transgene. Surprisingly, we found that transgenic F2 crop-weed hybrids produced 48-125% more seeds per plant than nontransgenic controls in monoculture- and mixed-planting designs without glyphosate application. Transgenic plants also had greater EPSPS protein levels, tryptophan concentrations, photosynthetic rates, and per cent seed germination compared with nontransgenic controls. Our findings suggest that over-expression of a native rice epsps gene can lead to fitness advantages, even without exposure to glyphosate. We hypothesize that over-expressed epsps may be useful to breeders and, if deployed, could result in fitness benefits in weedy relatives following transgene introgression.New Phytologist 08/2013; 202(2). DOI:10.1111/nph.12428 · 6.55 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Thesis (M.S.)--Texas Tech University, 2002. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 65-70).
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ABSTRACT: Two isoforms of the shikimate pathway enzyme 5-enol-pyruvyl-shikimate-3-phosphate synthase, previously purified from maize cultured cells and both found to be functionally located in the plastid while showing a different pattern of expression during the culture growth cycle, were characterized with respect to physical and functional properties. A high degree of similarity was found as to their structural features, with the only exception of a slight difference in molecular mass. Both enzyme activities were extremely susceptible to the inhibition brought about by the herbicide glyphosate, and not subjected to feed-back regulation by aromatic amino acids or shikimate pathway intermediates. A more pronounced difference was evident in thermal stability, catalytic efficiency as judged from the comparison of catalytic constants, affinities for the two substrates and activation energy values. The isozyme detectable in actively proliferating cells, when the plant cell demand for aromatic amino acids increases, proved to be the more stable and efficient. Data are consistent with the hypothesis of an isoform-based mechanism of enzyme level modulation in plant aromatic metabolism.Journal of Plant Physiology 01/1997; 150(4):369–375. DOI:10.1016/S0176-1617(97)80084-3 · 2.77 Impact Factor