Recent trends and issues in psychiatric-mental health nursing.
ABSTRACT New and emerging roles for psychiatric-mental health nurses, certification programs for graduate and experienced baccalaureate nurses, and the emergence of clinical nursing research are only some of the many changes occurring in the field of psychiatric-mental health nursing that have resulted in a burgeoning literature. Through a review of the most recent of this literature, the author highlights the current trends and issues in psychiatric-mental health nursing practice, education, and research, as well as the historical antecedents of many of the issues and problems facing mental health nurses today.
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ABSTRACT: As the twenty-first century approaches, psychiatric nursing is reviewing its past and speculating about its future. This article reports on the current status of 525 psychiatric-mental health nurses. The nurses responded to a questionnaire designed to elicit information on career characteristics, professional activities, and client attributes. The nurses work primarily in acute care institutions or hospitals. The typical client is white, middle class, and adult. The focus of care in mental health is moving to the community. If psychiatric nurses want a viable role in the mental health system of the future, they must begin to develop a system of care for at-risk populations in the community now.Issues in Mental Health Nursing 01/1992; 13(1):39-50.