A Possible Future Long Baseline Neutrino and Nucleon Decay Experiment with a 100 kton Liquid Argon TPC at Okinoshima using the J-PARC Neutrino Facility

Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT In this paper, we consider the physics performance of a single far detector composed of a 100 kton next generation Liquid Argon Time Projection Chamber (LAr TPC) possibly located at shallow depth, coupled to the J-PARC neutrino beam facility with a realistic 1.66 MW operation of the Main Ring. The new far detector could be located in the region of Okinoshima islands (baseline $L\sim 658$ km). Our emphasis is based on the measurement of the $\theta_{13}$ and $\delta_{CP}$ parameters, possibly following indications for a non-vanishing $\theta_{13}$ in T2K, and relies on the opportunity offered by the LAr TPC to reconstruct the incoming neutrino energy with high precision compared to other large detector technologies. We mention other possible baselines like for example J-PARC-Kamioka (baseline $L\sim 295$ km), or J-PARC-Eastern Korean coast (baseline $L\sim 1025$ km). Such a detector would also further explore the existence of proton decays.


Available from: K. Nishikawa, Nov 18, 2013
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Oki Island is located between Japan and Korea along the Tokai-To-Kamioka (T2K) baseline. The distance from J-PARC to Oki Island is about 653km, which is twice that of the T2K experiment (L=295km). When the off-axis angle of the neutrino beam from J-PARC is 3.0^\circ (2.0^\circ) at Super-Kamiokande (SK), the off-axis beam (OAB) with 1.4^\circ (0.6^\circ) reaches at Oki Island. We examine physics case of placing a far detector in Oki Island during the T2K experimental period. We estimate the matter density profile along the Tokai-to-Oki baseline by using recent seismological measurements. For a detector of 100kton fiducial volume and 2.5x10^21 POT (protons on target) exposure for both \nu_\mu and \bar{\nu}_\mu beams, we find that the mass hierarchy pattern can be distinguished at 3\sigma level if sin^22theta_rct \equiv 4|U_{e3}|^2(1-|U_{e3}|^2) \gsim 0.09, by observing the electron-like CCQE (Charged-Current Quasi Elastic) events. The CP phase in the Maki-Nakagawa-Sakata lepton flavor mixing matrix, \delta_mns, can be constrained with \pm 20^\circ. As a reference, we repeat the same analysis by placing the same detector in Korea at L=1000km and OAB=0.5^\circ (T2KK) and also by placing it at the SK site (T2K_122). The Tokai-to-Kamioka-OKI (T2KO) sensitivity to the mass hierarchy is about 1/3 (in \Delta \chi^2_min) of T2KK, while the sensitivity to the phase \delta_mns is similar between T2KO and T2KK. The T2K_122 option has almost no sensitivity to the mass hierarchy, and cannot measure the CP phase except when \delta_mns \sim -90^\circ (90^\circ) for the normal (inverted) hierarchy.
    Journal of High Energy Physics 09/2012; 2013(6). DOI:10.1007/JHEP06(2013)036 · 6.22 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The leptonic mixing angle theta_13 is currently a high-priority topic in the field of neutrino physics, with five experiments under way, searching for neutrino oscillations induced by this angle. We review the phenomenology of theta_13 and discuss the information from present global oscillation data. A description of the upcoming reactor and accelerator experiments searching for a non-zero value of theta_13 is given, and we evaluate the sensitivity reach within the next few years.
    Journal of Physics G Nuclear and Particle Physics 03/2010; 37. DOI:10.1088/0954-3899/37/10/103001 · 2.84 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Based on the strong scientific demand to realize Giant Liquid Argon Time Projection Chamber, which makes widely spread scientific exploration possible, the First International Workshop towards the Giant Liquid Argon Charge Imaging Experiment (GLA2010) is held on March 29-31 2010, in Tsukuba Japan. Here, introductory remark on the workshop which includes the motivation and the skeleton of the workshop is described.
    Journal of Physics Conference Series 07/2011; 308(1):012001. DOI:10.1088/1742-6596/308/1/012001