Article

Mutagenicity of N-acetyl and N,N'-diacetyl derivatives of 3 aromatic amines used as epoxy-resin hardeners.

Toxicology Laboratory, Toray Industries Inc., 2-7-35 Sonoyama, Otsu 520, Japan; Toray Research Center Inc., 3-2-1 Sonoyama, Otsu 520, Japan
Mutation Research/Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis (Impact Factor: 3.9). 01/1985; 143(1-2):11-5. DOI: 10.1016/0165-7992(85)90097-1
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT 3 epoxy-resin hardeners, 4,4'-diaminodiphenyl ether (DDE), 4,4'-diaminodiphenylmethane (DDM), and 4,4'-diaminodiphenylsulfone (DDS), and their N-acetyl and N,N'-diacetyl derivatives were examined for their mutagenicity using Salmonella typhimurium TA98 and TA100 as the tester stains and an S9 mix containing a rat-liver 9000 X g supernatant fraction as the metabolic activation system. DDE and DDM were mutagenic towards TA98 and TA100 in the presence of S9 mix while DDS exhibited no significant mutagenic activity towards these tester strains. These epoxy-resin hardeners were metabolized in vivo and their N-acetyl and N,N'-diacetyl metabolites were found in the urine. Among these acetyl metabolites, only N-acetyl-DDE was found to be mutagenic towards TA98 and TA100 in the presence of S9 mix. None of these acetyl metabolites exhibited significant mutagenic activity towards these tester strains in the absence of S9 mix.

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