Article

# BCS-BEC Crossover of a Quasi-two-dimensional Fermi Gas: the Significance of Dressed Molecules

Physical Review A (Impact Factor: 3.04). 04/2008; DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.77.063613

Source: arXiv

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**ABSTRACT:**We investigate the low-energy scattering and bound states of two two-component fermionic atoms in pure two-dimensional (2D) and quasi-2D confinements with Rashba spin-orbit coupling (SOC). We find that the SOC qualitatively changes the behavior of the 2D scattering amplitude in the low-energy limit. For quasi-2D systems we obtain the analytic expression for the effective-2D scattering amplitude and the algebraic equations for the two-atom bound state energy. Based on these results, we further derive the effective 2D interaction potential between two ultracold atoms in the quasi-2D confinement with Rashba SOC. These results are crucial for the control of the 2D effective physics in quasi-2D geometry via the confinement intensity and the atomic three-dimensional scattering length.Physical Review A 03/2012; 86(4). · 3.04 Impact Factor - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**Two-neutron correlation in the $^1S$ channel in quasi two-dimensional (2D) neutron systems at zero temperature is studied by means of the BCS theory with finite-range effective nuclear forces. The dineutron correlation in low density neutron systems confined in an infinite slab is investigated in a simplified model that neutron motion of one direction is frozen. When the slab is thin enough, two neutrons form a tightly bound dineutron with a small size in the quasi-2D system, and a Bose dineutron gas is found in low density limit. With increase of Fermi momentum, the neutron system changes from the Bose-gas phase to the superfluid Cooper pair phase. The density dependence of the neutron pairing shows the BCS-BEC crossover phenomena at finite low-density region. In the transition region, the size shrinking of neutron pair and enhancement of pairing gap are found. The relation to dineutron correlation at surface of neutron-rich nuclei is also discussed.Physical Review C 03/2009; · 3.72 Impact Factor - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**We have studied the transition from two to three dimensions in a low temperature weakly interacting 6Li Fermi gas. Below a critical atom number N(2D) only the lowest transverse vibrational state of a highly anisotropic oblate trapping potential is occupied and the gas is two dimensional. Above N(2D) the Fermi gas enters the quasi-2D regime where shell structure associated with the filling of individual transverse oscillator states is apparent. This dimensional crossover is demonstrated through measurements of the cloud size and aspect ratio versus atom number.Physical Review Letters 03/2011; 106(10):105304. · 7.73 Impact Factor

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