[Percutaneous catheterization of the deep brachial vein].
ABSTRACT 50 attempts of deep percutaneous antecubital catheterization are reported. A tourniquet was applied to the upper arm and the medial deep brachial vein was punctured in a point immediately medial to the brachial artery, in the antecubital fossa. Venepuncture was successful in 88% of the cases (44 cases), catheterization possible in 72% of the cases (36 cases). The catheter reached the central venous compartment in 60% of the cases (30 cases). The only benign complication was injury to the brachial artery in 6 cases. Mean duration of catheterization was 20 days. This very easy and safe technique can be used when superficial veins are unusable and use of the deep central veins dangerous or impossible.