Human brain monoamine oxidase type B: mechanism of deamination as probed by steady-state methods.
ABSTRACT Recently, evidence has been published which suggests that [Husain, M., Edmondson, D. E., & Singer, T.P. (1982) Biochemistry 21, 595-600] monoamine oxidase [amine:oxygen oxidoreductase (MAO), EC 220.127.116.11] deaminates phenylethylamine and benzylamine via two distinct kinetic pathways which involve either binary or ternary complex formation, respectively. These conclusions were drawn largely from stopped-flow kinetic analysis performed on purified enzyme removed from its native membrane and in the presence of the inhibitory detergent Triton X-100. In this study, d-amphetamine and alternative substrates were used as steady-state probes of the kinetics of deamination by the B form of human brain MAO using native membrane-bound enzyme. Initial velocity studies showed mixed-type patterns for amphetamine inhibition of phenylethylamine, tryptamine, and tyramine when either amine or oxygen was the varied substrate. Slope and intercept vs. amphetamine concentration replots were linear in all cases except for phenylethylamine (hyperbolic); Ki values obtained from linear replots of slope or intercept values were comparable. In contrast, amphetamine was a competitive inhibitor of benzylamine deamination when amine concentration was varied and uncompetitive when oxygen concentration was varied; slope and intercept replots were linear for both. When benzylamine was the alternative substrate inhibitor and tyramine and tryptamine deamination was measured, mixed-type inhibition patterns were obtained when either amine or oxygen concentration was varied; replots of slope and intercept were linear in all cases.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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ABSTRACT: The validity of the chalcone scaffold for the design of inhibitors of monoamine oxidase has previously been illustrated. In a systematic attempt to investigate the effect of heterocyclic substitution on the monoamine oxidase inhibitory properties of this versatile scaffold, a series of furanochalcones were synthesized. The results demonstrate that these furan substituted phenylpropenones exhibited moderate to good inhibitory activities towards MAO-B, but showed weak or no inhibition of the MAO-A enzyme. The most active compound, 2E-3-(5-chlorofuran-2-yl)-1-(3-chlorophenyl)prop-2-en-1-one, exhibited an IC50 value of 0.174μM for the inhibition of MAO-B and 28.6μM for the inhibition of MAO-A. Interestingly, contrary to data previously reported for chalcones, these furan substituted derivatives acted as reversible inhibitors, while kinetic analysis revealed a competitive mode of binding.Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters 06/2013; · 2.65 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Ectopic expression of the neuron-specific inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate-3-kinase A (ITPKA) in lung cancer cells increases their metastatic potential because the protein exhibits two actin regulating activities; it bundles actin filaments and regulates inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3)-mediated calcium signals by phosphorylating InsP3. Thus, in order to inhibit the metastasis-promoting activity of ITPKA, both its actin bundling and its InsP3kinase activity has to be blocked. In this study, we performed a high throughput screen in order to identify specific and membrane-permeable substances against the InsP3kinase activity. Among 34144 small molecules, 237 compounds (0.7%) were identified as potential InsP3kinase inhibitors. After determination of IC50-values, the three compounds with highest specificity and highest hydrophobicity (EPPC-3, BAMB-4, MEPTT-3) were further characterized. Only BAMB-4 was nearly completely taken up by H1299 cells and remained stable after cellular uptake, thus exhibiting a robust stability and a high membrane permeability. Determination of the inhibitor type revealed that BAMB-4 belongs to the group of mixed type inhibitors. Taken together, for the first time we identified a highly membrane-permeable inhibitor against the InsP3kinase activity of ITPKA providing the possibility to partly inhibit the metastasis-promoting effect of ITPKA in lung tumor cells.Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 08/2013; · 2.28 Impact Factor