Acute elevations of intraocular pressure following Nd:YAG laser posterior capsulotomy.
ABSTRACT We performed applanation tonometry preoperatively, hourly for the first four postoperative hours and on the first postoperative day in 66 eyes after Nd:YAG laser posterior capsulotomy in order to determine the nature of the acute intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation and the risk factors involved. Forty-one percent of eyes developed an intraocular pressure greater than 30 mmHg and 14% greater than 40 mmHg. The IOP spike occurred on the second postoperative hour in 35% of eyes. Patients with controlled glaucoma prior to capsulotomy had a significantly lower mean IOP rise than patients without glaucoma. Eyes with posterior chamber IOLs were less likely to develop an IOP greater than 30 mmHg than were aphakic eyes without IOLs. There was no correlation between the laser energy or the size of the capsulotomy and the IOP rise.
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ABSTRACT: In a patient with uveitis who had been treated with Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy after cataract surgery, several episodes of acute hypotonia occurred which were associated with changes in clinical tests of the eye and of visual function. Immunosuppressive and immunomodulating treatment appeared to reverse the changes in intraocular pressure and normalise the test results. The significance of these observations is discussed.Vision Research 11/1997; 37(20):2937-42. · 2.14 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Using the laser flare-cell meter (Kowa FC-1000), we conducted a prospective study analyzing the effect of Nd:YAG posterior capsulotomy on the quantity of aqueous particles, aqueous flare, and intraocular pressure in 65 eyes (58 patients). Aqueous particles increased at six hours, followed by flare rise which was significant at 18 hours after capsulotomy. Only 22 eyes (34%) had a significant flare rise over prelaser values. Anti-inflammatory therapy was necessary in only one patient. The mean intraocular pressure value did not rise significantly after capsulotomy. Acute intraocular hypertension (AIOHT) (> 7 mm Hg increase) occurred between three and six hours after laser therapy in 12 patients (19%), was related in time to particle rise, and always responded to a single dose of acetazolamide. Acute intraocular hypertension was strongly correlated with elevated aqueous particles (P < .0001) and somewhat correlated with flare rise (P < .036), but was not correlated with the intraocular lens position (bag or sulcus fixation). Our findings strongly suggest that trabecular meshwork clogging by debris generated by the capsulotomy is the mechanism at the origin of AIOHT.Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery 12/1992; 18(6):554-8. · 2.53 Impact Factor
- Eye 03/2004; 18(2):193; discussion 193-4. · 1.82 Impact Factor