The Rutter scale for completion by teachers: factor structure and relationships with cognitive abilities and family adversity for a sample of New Zealand children.
ABSTRACT A large sample of 7-year-old children (n = 940) was rated by teachers using the Rutter Child Scale B, a 26-item questionnaire covering a variety of behavioural problems. A factor analysis of the data revealed three main factors of interest, identified as aggressiveness, hyperactivity and anxiety-fearfulness. Measures based upon these factors had a reasonably high level of reliability and were moderately stable over a 2-year interval. An analysis of the relationship between these three behavioural measures and some cognitive measures indicated that only hyperactivity was negatively associated with cognitive ability. However, both hyperactivity and aggressiveness were related to adversity in the child's family background. The findings suggest the usefulness of distinguishing between aggressive and hyperactive dimensions of behaviour.
- SourceAvailable from: Jukka Savolainen[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Data from the 1986 Northern Finland Birth Cohort Study (n = 4,645) were used to examine the influence of mid‐adolescent (age 15) school outcomes on late‐adolescent (ages 17–19) risk of criminal conviction. Consistent with social‐developmental theories of offending, we found that poor academic performance and reduced school attachment increase the risk of criminal conviction independently of pre‐existing differences in antisocial propensity and other confounding factors identified in prior research. Moreover, in support of an integrated model, our research suggests that academic performance and school attachment mediate the effects of childhood antisociality and learning difficulties on late‐adolescent risk of criminal conviction. The implications of findings for policy and future research are discussed.Journal of Research on Adolescence 03/2012; 22(1):54-64. DOI:10.1111/j.1532-7795.2011.00754.x · 1.99 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To review recent progress in child and adolescent psychiatric epidemiology in the area of prevalence and burden. The literature published in the past decade was reviewed under two headings: methods and findings. Methods for assessing the prevalence and community burden of child and adolescent psychiatric disorders have improved dramatically in the past decade. There are now available a broad range of interviews that generate DSM and ICD diagnoses with good reliability and validity. Clinicians and researchers can choose among interview styles (respondent based, interviewer based, best estimate) and methods of data collection (paper and pencil, computer assisted, interviewer or self-completion) that best meet their needs. Work is also in progress to develop brief screens to identify children in need of more detailed assessment, for use by teachers, pediatricians, and other professionals. The median prevalence estimate of functionally impairing child and adolescent psychiatric disorders is 12%, although the range of estimates is wide. Disorders that often appear first in childhood or adolescence are among those ranked highest in the World Health Organization's estimates of the global burden of disease. There is mounting evidence that many, if not most, lifetime psychiatric disorders will first appear in childhood or adolescence. Methods are now available to monitor youths and to make early intervention feasible.Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 11/2005; 44(10):972-86. DOI:10.1097/01.chi.0000172552.41596.6f · 6.35 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Comportamentos externalizantes freqüentemente se desenvolvem em contextos de adversidade ambiental. O objetivo do estudo foi documentar essa associação em crianças com desempenho escolar pobre. Participaram meninos e meninas, com idade entre sete e 11 anos, referidos para atendimento por dificuldades escolares. De um universo de 141 crianças, formaram-se dois grupos com base na pontuação da Escala Comportamental Infantil: G1 (crianças sem problema de comportamento, n= 30) e G2 (crianças com problema de comportamento, n= 37). As mães foram entrevistadas, obtendo-se informações sobre recursos e adversidades do ambiente familiar. Os resultados indicaram que o ambiente familiar de G2 apresenta menos recursos e maior adversidade, incluindo problemas nas relações interpessoais, falhas parentais quanto a supervisão, monitoramento e suporte, indícios de menor investimento dos pais no desenvolvimento da criança, práticas punitivas e modelos adultos agressivos. As dificuldades escolares aumentam a vulnerabilidade da criança para inadaptação psicossocial. Enfatiza-se a importância de incluir a família em intervenções preventivas voltadas para essa clientela.Psicologia Reflexão e Crítica 01/2002; DOI:10.1590/S0102-79722002000100005 · 0.09 Impact Factor