Dynamical correlations in the spin-half two-channel Kondo model

Physical review. B, Condensed matter (Impact Factor: 3.77). 01/2008; DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.78.165130
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT Dynamical correlations of various local operators are studied in the spin-half two-channel Kondo (2CK) model in the presence of channel anisotropy or external magnetic field. A conformal field theory-based scaling approach is used to predict the analytic properties of various spectral functions in the vicinity of the two-channel Kondo fixed point. These analytical results compare well with highly accurate density matrix numerical renormalization group results. The universal cross-over functions interpolating between channel-anisotropy or magnetic field-induced Fermi liquid regimes and the two-channel Kondo, non-Fermi liquid regimes are determined numerically. The boundaries of the real 2CK scaling regime are found to be rather restricted, and to depend both on the type of the perturbation and on the specific operator whose correlation function is studied. In a small magnetic field, a universal resonance is observed in the local fermion's spectral function. The dominant superconducting instability appears in the composite superconducting channel. Comment: 20 pages, 24 figures, PRB format

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    ABSTRACT: We consider a ring of three quantum dots mutually coupled by antiferromagnetic exchange interactions, and tunnel-coupled to two metallic leads: the simplest device in which the consequences of local frustration arising from internal degrees of freedom may be studied within a 2-channel environment. Two-channel Kondo (2CK) physics is found to predominate at low-energies in the mirror-symmetric systems considered, with a residual spin 1/2 overscreened by coupling to both leads. It is however shown that two distinct 2CK phases, with different ground state parities, arise on tuning the interdot exchange couplings. In consequence a frustration-induced quantum phase transition occurs, the 2CK phases being separated by a quantum critical point for which an effective low-energy model is derived. Precisely at the transition, parity mixing of the quasi-degenerate local trimer states acts to destabilise the 2CK fixed points; and the critical fixed point is shown to consist of a free pseudospin together with effective 1-channel spin quenching, itself reflecting underlying channel-anisotropy in the inherently 2-channel system. Numerical renormalization group techniques and physical arguments are used to obtain a detailed understanding of the problem, including study of both thermodynamic and dynamical properties of the system. Comment: 20 pages, 19 figures
    Physical review. B, Condensed matter 10/2009; · 3.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We generalize the spectral sum rule preserving density matrix numerical renormalization group (DM-NRG) method in such a way that it can make use of an arbitrary number of not necessarily Abelian, local symmetries present in the quantum impurity system. We illustrate the benefits of using non-Abelian symmetries by the example of calculations for the T-matrix of the two-channel Kondo model in the presence of magnetic field, for which conventional NRG methods produce large errors and/or take a long run-time. Comment: 12 pages, 6 figures, PRB format
    Physical review. B, Condensed matter 02/2008; · 3.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We study odd-membered chains of spin-(1/2) impurities, with each end connected to its own metallic lead. For antiferromagnetic exchange coupling, universal two-channel Kondo (2CK) physics is shown to arise at low energies. Two overscreening mechanisms are found to occur depending on coupling strength, with distinct signatures in physical properties. For strong inter-impurity coupling, a residual chain spin-(1/2) moment experiences a renormalized effective coupling to the leads; while in the weak-coupling regime, Kondo coupling is mediated via incipient single-channel Kondo singlet formation. We also investigate models where the leads are tunnel-coupled to the impurity chain, permitting variable dot filling under applied gate voltages. Effective low-energy models for each regime of filling are derived, and for even-fillings where the chain ground state is a spin singlet, an orbital 2CK effect is found to be operative. Provided mirror symmetry is preserved, 2CK physics is shown to be wholly robust to variable dot filling; in particular the single-particle spectrum at the Fermi level, and hence the low-temperature zero-bias conductance, is always pinned to half-unitarity. We derive a Friedel-Luttinger sum rule and from it show that, in contrast to a Fermi liquid, the Luttinger integral is non-zero and determined solely by the `excess' dot charge as controlled by gate voltage. The relevance of the work to real quantum dot devices, where inter-lead charge-transfer processes fatal to 2CK physics are present, is also discussed. Physical arguments and numerical renormalization group techniques are used to obtain a detailed understanding of these problems.
    Physical review. B, Condensed matter 03/2011; 84. · 3.77 Impact Factor


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