Effect of oxedrine on the left ventricle and the peripheral vascular resistance
ABSTRACT The sympathomimetic substance oxedrine (Sympatol) influences, by means of its affinity to alpha- and beta-receptors, cardiac performance and peripheral vascular tone. We studied in 12 healthy male volunteers the influence of intravenous oxedrine on left ventricular contractility parameters as estimated by TM-echocardiography, on cardiac index as well as on arterial blood pressure and peripheral vascular resistance. Under continuous intravenous infusion of 4 mg/min oxedrine the systolic and mean arterial blood pressure increased significantly (p less than 0.005) while the diastolic pressure and heart rate remained unchanged. The cardiac index increased (p less than 0.001) and the peripheral vascular resistance decreased significantly (p less than 0.01). The echocardiographically determined left ventricular contractility parameters, i.e. systolic shortening fraction (SF) as well as maximal velocity of shortening of the left ventricular diameter (VCFmin) also increased significantly (p less than 0.001 and 0.005, resp.). An increase in left ventricular contractility and cardiac index with concomitant decrease of peripheral vascular resistance and without increase in heart rate implies an economical increase in cardiac performance under intravenous infusion of oxedrine.
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- "Alpha and beta-adrenergic drugs have well-documented effects on the cardiovascular system, indicating synephrine would have similar hemodynamic effects . Similar to our findings, Hofstetter and colleagues  reported that synephrine intake in healthy subjects caused significant elevations in systolic and mean arterial pressures, while diastolic BP and heart rate were unchanged. "
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine the acute metabolic effects of a high-energy drink in healthy, physically-active women. Ten women (20.4 +/- 0.70 y; 166.9 +/- 7.2 cm; 67.0 +/- 7.0 kg; 29.6 +/- 6.5% body fat) underwent two testing sessions administered in a randomized and double-blind fashion. Subjects reported to the laboratory in a 3-hr post-absorptive state and were provided either 140 ml of the high-energy drink (SUP; commercially marketed as Meltdown RTD) or placebo (P). Subjects consumed two 70 ml doses of SUP or P, separated by 30 min and rested in a semi-recumbent position for 3 hours. Resting oxygen consumption (VO2) and heart rate (HR) were determined every 5 min during the first 30 min and every 10 min during the next 150 min. Blood pressure (BP) was determined every 15 min during the first 30 min and every 30 min thereafter. Area under the curve (AUC) analysis was computed for VO2, whereas a 3-hour average and hourly averages were calculated for respiratory quotient (RQ), total kcal, HR, BP, and profile of mood states (POMS). AUC analysis revealed a 10.8% difference (p = 0.03) in VO2 between SUP and P. No difference in VO2 was seen between the groups in the first hour, but VO2 in SUP was significantly greater than P in the second (13.9%, p = 0.01) and third hours (11.9%, p = 0.03). A difference (p = 0.03) in energy expenditure was seen between SUP (1.09 +/- 0.10 kcal x min-1) and P (0.99 +/- 0.09 kcal x min-1) for the 3-hour period. Although no difference in energy expenditure was seen in the first hour, significant differences between SUP and P were observed in the second (1.10 +/- 0.11 kcal x min-1 and 0.99 +/- 0.09 kcal x min-1, respectively; p = 0.02) and third hour (1.08 +/- 0.11 kcal x min-1 and 0.99 +/- 0.09 kcal x min-1, respectively; p = 0.05). Average systolic BP was significantly higher (p = 0.007) for SUP (110.0 +/- 3.9 mmHg) compared to P (107.3 +/- 4.4 mmHg). No differences were seen in HR, diastolic BP, or POMS at any time point. Results showed a significant increase in energy expenditure in young, healthy women following an acute ingestion of a high-energy drink.Lipids in Health and Disease 12/2009; 8:57. DOI:10.1186/1476-511X-8-57 · 2.31 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We studied the effects of p-synephrine on the immobility behaviors and on the spontaneous motor activity in mice. p-Synephrine at oral doses from 1 to 10 mg/kg significantly decreased the duration of immobility in the tail suspension test and the forced swimming test in mice. At 30 mg/kg, the duration of immobility was returned to control values in both tests. Subcutaneous administration of prazosin hydrochloride (62.5 micrograms/kg), an alpha 1 adrenoceptor antagonist, blocked the p-synephrine (3 mg/kg)-induced decrease in immobility in the tail suspension test. p-Synephrine did not change the spontaneous motor activity at oral doses from 0.3 to 10 mg/kg. These results suggest that p-synephrine elicits an antidepressant-like activity in mouse models of immobility tests, through the stimulation of alpha 1 adrenoceptors.Neuroscience Letters 09/1996; 214(2-3):107-10. DOI:10.1016/0304-3940(96)12895-0 · 2.06 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Synephrine, a sympathomimetic alpha1-adrenoceptor agonist, has been shown to induce dose-dependent portal hypotensive effects after acute intravenous infusion. The present study was undertaken to investigate the hemodynamic effects of 8-day administration of synephrine in portal hypertensive rats. Portal hypertension was induced by either partial portal vein ligation (PVL) or bile duct ligation (BDL). Portal hypertensive rats were allocated into one of two groups: vehicle group (0.1 N HCl, 0.5 ml/12 h) or synephrine group (1 mg/kg per 12 h), with 7 rats in each group. Synephrine or vehicle was administered by gavage into PVL and BDL rats for 8 consecutive days. Systemic as well as splanchnic hemodynamic parameters were measured thereafter. Synephrine significantly ameliorated the hyperdynamic state in both PVL and BDL rats. The portal venous pressure in PVL and BDL rats (-13.5% and -10.1%, respectively), portal tributary blood flow (-19.5% and -20.4%) and cardiac index (-12.1% and -18.8%) were significantly reduced, while mean arterial pressure (10.4% and 23.4%) and systemic (26.3% and 51.0%) as well as portal territory (47.1% and 67.7%) vascular resistance were enhanced by treatment of synephrine as compared with vehicle treatment. Our results showed that eight-day administration of synephrine exerted beneficial hemodynamic effects in two models of portal hypertensive rats.The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology 03/2001; 85(2):183-8. DOI:10.1254/jjp.85.183