Effects of large doses of calciferol on patients with rheumatoid arthritis. A double-blind clinical trial.
ABSTRACT In a double-blind clinical trial on 49 patients with rheumatoid arthritis, calciferol was given in a dose of 100 000 IU per day for 1 year to 24 patients, while the remaining 25 received placebo. Objective and subjective improvement was noted in 67% of the calciferol group and in 36% of the control group, while objective and subjective deterioration was noted in 4% of the calciferol group and in 32% of the control group. The mean values for sedimentation rate and a2-globulin decreased and the mean hemoglobin level increased in the calciferol group. The consumption of analgesics and antiinflammatory medicines decreased significantly in the calciferol group and after 1 year morning stiffness had eased and hand strength had increased in this group.
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ABSTRACT: Vitamin D is a dietary vitamin that can also be synthesized in adequate amounts from cholesterol in most mammals exposed to sunlight. Vitamin D has classical roles in calcium and phosphate metabolism, and thus the skeleton; however, this molecule also has nonclassical effects that might influence the function of the immune, cardiovascular and endocrine systems. Vitamin D deficiency, due to insufficient sunlight exposure, dietary uptake and/or abnormalities in its metabolism, has been associated with rheumatic diseases, and both the classical and nonclassical effects of vitamin D might be of relevance to patients with rheumatic disease. However, conclusive data from intervention trials demonstrating the relationship between vitamin D levels and pathogenetic processes separate from classical effects of this molecule are lacking. Furthermore, the majority of studies linking vitamin D to health outcomes, harmful or beneficial, are observational in nature, linking clinical events to vitamin D exposure or serum levels of vitamin D metabolites. Evidence from high quality, prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trials should be obtained before vitamin D supplementation is recommended in the treatment of the many rheumatic conditions in which deficiency of this compound has been implicated. Herein, we review the evidence for vitamin D supplementation in the management of patients with rheumatic diseases.Nature Reviews Rheumatology 05/2013; · 9.75 Impact Factor