Article

# The Derivative Expansion of the Effective Action and the Renormalization Group Equation

Physical review D: Particles and fields (Impact Factor: 4.86). 07/2007; 76(10). DOI: 10.1103/PHYSREVD.76.105006

Source: arXiv

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**ABSTRACT:**When one uses the Coleman-Weinberg renormalization condition, the effective potential $V$ in the massless $\phi_4^4$ theory with O(N) symmetry is completely determined by the renormalization group functions. It has been shown how the $(p+1)$ order renormalization group function determine the sum of all the N$^{\mbox{\scriptsize p}}$LL order contribution to $V$ to all orders in the loop expansion. We discuss here how, in addition to fixing the N$^{\mbox{\scriptsize p}}$LL contribution to $V$, the $(p+1)$ order renormalization group functions also can be used to determine portions of the N$^{\mbox{\scriptsize p+n}}$LL contributions to $V$. When these contributions are summed to all orders, the singularity structure of \mcv is altered. An alternate rearrangement of the contributions to $V$ in powers of $\ln \phi$, when the extremum condition $V^\prime (\phi = v) = 0$ is combined with the renormalization group equation, show that either $v = 0$ or $V$ is independent of $\phi$. This conclusion is supported by showing the LL, $\cdots$, N$^4$LL contributions to $V$ become progressively less dependent on $\phi$.International Journal of Modern Physics A 05/2010; 25(31). DOI:10.1142/S0217751X10051098 · 1.70 Impact Factor - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**We consider the effective potential $V$ in the standard model with a single Higgs doublet in the limit that the only mass scale $\mu$ present is radiatively generated. Using a technique that has been shown to determine $V$ completely in terms of the renormalization group (RG) functions when using the Coleman-Weinberg (CW) renormalization scheme, we first sum leading-log (LL) contributions to $V$ using the one loop RG functions, associated with five couplings (the top quark Yukawa coupling $x$, the quartic coupling of the Higgs field $y$, the SU(3) gauge coupling $z$, and the $SU(2) \times U(1)$ couplings $r$ and $s$). We then employ the two loop RG functions with the three couplings $x$, $y$, $z$ to sum the next-to-leading-log (NLL) contributions to $V$ and then the three to five loop RG functions with one coupling $y$ to sum all the $N^2LL...N^4LL$ contributions to $V$. In order to compute these sums, it is necessary to convert those RG functions that have been originally computed explicitly in the minimal subtraction (MS) scheme to their form in the CW scheme. The Higgs mass can then be determined from the effective potential: the $LL$ result is $m_{H}=219\;GeV/c^2$ decreases to $m_{H}=188\;GeV/c^2$ at $N^{2}LL$ order and $m_{H}=163\;GeV/c^2$ at $N^{4}LL$ order. No reasonable estimate of $m_H$ can be made at orders $V_{NLL}$ or $V_{N^3LL}$. This is taken to be an indication that this mechanism for spontaneous symmetry breaking is in fact viable, though one in which there is slow convergence towards the actual value of $m_H$. The mass $163\;GeV/c^2$ is argued to be an upper bound on $m_H$.Physical review D: Particles and fields 06/2010; 83(10). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevD.83.105009 · 4.86 Impact Factor - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**When using dimensional regularization, the bare couplings are expressed as a power series in (2-n/2)-1 where n is the number of dimensions. It is shown how the renormalization group can be used to sum the leading pole, next-to-leading pole etc. contributions to these sums in scalar electrodynamics (or any theory with multiple couplings).Modern Physics Letters A 11/2011; 24(23). DOI:10.1142/S0217732309031235 · 1.20 Impact Factor