Spin Gap and Superconductivity in Weakly Coupled Ladders: Interladder One-particle vs. Two-particle Crossover

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan (Impact Factor: 2.09). 09/1997; DOI: 10.1143/JPSJ.66.3725
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT Effects of the interladder one-particle hopping, $t_{\perp}$, on the low-energy asymptotics of a weakly coupled Hubbard ladder system have been studied, based on the perturbative renormalization-group approach. We found that for finite intraladder Hubbard repulsion, $U$, there exists a crossover value of the interladder one-particle hopping, $t_{\perp c}$. For $0<t_{\perp}<t_{\perp c}$, the spin gap metal (SGM) phase of the isolated ladder transits at a finite transition temperature, $T_{c}$, to the d-wave superconducting (SCd) phase via a two-particle crossover. In the temperature region, $T<T_{c}$, interladder coherent Josephson tunneling of the Cooper pairs occurs, while the interladder coherent one-particle process is strongly suppressed. For $t_{\perp c}<t_{\perp}$, around a crossover temperature, $T_{cross}$, the system crosses over to the two-dimensional (2D) phase via a one-particle crossover. In the temperature region, $T<T_{cross}$, the interladdercoherent band motion occurs. Comment: 4 pages, 5 eps figures, uses jpsj.sty

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