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Oxygen transport during exercise in human subjects.

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    ABSTRACT: Nitric oxide (NO) concentration in exhaled gas is a marker of some inflammatory processes in the lung, and endogenous NO plays a role in the physiological responses to exercise and altitude. The aim of this study was to compare changes in exhaled NO concentration 5-60 mins after high-intensity exercise at 2800 m and at 180 m altitude. Twenty trained healthy volunteers (12 men), aged 19-28 years, were included in this open, crossover study. Subjects performed two exercise tests at different altitudes, 2800 m and 180 m, in a randomized order. The fraction of NO in exhaled gas (FENO ) was measured 5 mins before and 5-60 mins after 8 mins of running on a treadmill at a heart rate (HR) of 90% of peak HR. Peak HR was assessed during a pretest at 180 m. Ambient temperature was 20·1°C (SD = 1·2) and relative humidity 40·2% (SD = 3·2). FENO measurements were corrected for altitude gas density effects and converted to partial pressure of NO (PENOcorr ). PENOcorr was reduced from 1·47 (1·21, 1·73) millipascal (mPa) at baseline to 1·11 (0·87, 1·34) mPa 5 mins after exercise at 2800 m and from 1·54 (1·24, 1·84) to 1·04 (0·87, 1·22) mPa 5 mins after exercise at 180 m. There was no difference in PENOcorr between exercise at 2800 m and 180 m, and PENOcorr was normalized within 20 mins. Exercise at 2800 m induces a similar acute reduction in exhaled nitric oxide concentration as compared with 180 m in healthy subjects.
    Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging 01/2014; · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between physical fitness and coronary risk factor profiles in Japanese women. The subjects were 1,483 women (ages 30 to 69) who participated in a practical health promotion program. After medical examination, physical fitness was evaluated by conducting a symptom limited maximal exercise test by ergometer to measure maximum oxygen uptake (peakVO2) with an expired gas analyzer. The subjects were classified into 3 groups (high fitness, moderate fitness, and low fitness) according to age and physical fitness level. The results showed that the subjects in higher fitness groups had lower levels in: body mass index (BMI), percentage of body fat, waist-hip ratio, resting blood pressure, and atherogenic index, and higher HDL-cholesterol compared to those in lower fitness group. Even after adjustment for the effects of age and BMI, die subjects in the higher fitness groups had better coronary risk factor profiles. These results suggest that among Japanese women a high level of physical fitness is related to favorable coronary risk factor profiles.
    Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine 04/2012; 5(1):6-12.
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    Journal of Exercise Physiology Online 06/2012; 15(3):53-80.