Article

Metal clusters, quantum dots and trapped atoms -- from single-particle models to correlatio

04/2007; DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-444-53440-8.00012-4
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT In this review, we discuss the electronic structure of finite quantal systems on the nanoscale. After a few general remarks on the many-particle physics of the harmonic oscillator -- likely being the most studied example for the many-body systems of finite quantal systems, we discuss properties of metal clusters, quantum dots and cold atoms in traps. We address magic numbers, shape deformation, magnetism, particle localization, and vortex formation in rotating systems.

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May 29, 2014