Article

# Ground state and excitation properties of the quantum kagom\'{e} system ZnCu$_{3}$(OH)$_{6}$Cl$_{2}$ investigated by local probes

11/2006;

Source: arXiv

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**ABSTRACT:**We study the energy and the static spin structure factor of the ground state of the spin-1/2 quantum Heisenberg antiferromagnetic model on the kagome lattice. By the iterative application of a few Lanczos steps on accurate projected fermionic wave functions and the Green's function Monte Carlo technique, we find that a gapless (algebraic) U(1) Dirac spin liquid is competitive with previously proposed gapped (topological) Z2 spin liquids. By performing a finite-size extrapolation of the ground-state energy, we obtain an energy per site E/J=-0.4365(2), which is equal, within three error bars, to the estimates given by the density-matrix renormalization group (DMRG). Our estimate is obtained for a translationally invariant system, and, therefore, does not suffer from boundary effects, like in DMRG. Moreover, on finite toric clusters at the pure variational level, our energies are lower compared to those from DMRG calculations.Physical review. B, Condensed matter 09/2012; 87(6). · 3.77 Impact Factor - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**Motivated by the recent neutron scattering experiment on Rb2Cu3SnF12 [Nat. Phys. 6, 865 (2010)], we investigate the effect of Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions in a theoretical model for the magnetic structure of this material. Considering the valence bond solid ground state, which has a 12-site unit cell, we develop the bond operator mean-field theory. It is shown that the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions significantly modify the triplon dispersions around the Gamma point and cause a shift of the spin gap (the minimum triplon gap) position from the K to Gamma point in the first Brilloin zone. The spin gap is also evaluated in exact diagonalization studies on a 24-site cluster. We discuss a magnetic transition induced by the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions in the bond operator framework. Moreover, the magnetization process under external magnetic fields is studied within the exact diagonalization and strong coupling expansion approaches. We find that the results of all above approaches are consistent with the experimental findings.Physical review. B, Condensed matter 06/2012; 86(21). · 3.77 Impact Factor - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**The Kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet is mapped onto an effective Hamiltonian on the star superlattice by Contractor Renormalization. Comparison of ground state energies on large lattices to Density Matrix Renormalization Group justifies truncation of effective interactions at range 3. Within our accuracy, magnetic and translational symmetries are not broken (i.e. a spin liquid ground state). However, we discover doublet spectral degeneracies which signal the onset of p6 - chirality symmetry breaking. This is understood by simple mean field analysis. Experimentally, the p6 chiral order parameter should split the optical phonons degeneracy near the zone center. Addition of weak next to nearest neighbor coupling is discussed.Physical review. B, Condensed matter 10/2012; 87(16). · 3.77 Impact Factor

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