SCL-90: An Outpatients Psychiatric Rating Scale—Preliminary Report

Psychopharmacology bulletin (Impact Factor: 0.5). 02/1973; 9(1):13-28.
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    • "All parents were administered both at T1 and T2 through the 90 - item Symptom Checklist - revised ( SCL - 90 - R ; Derogatis et al . , 1973 ) and an Italian questionnaire on temperament [ Questionari italiani del temperamento ( QUIT ) ; Axia , 2002 ] independently . For the present study we considered only the Global Severity Index ( GSI ) as an index of general psychopathology , since recent international research has doubted the validity of the SCL - 90 - R subscales and "
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Several studies have shown a connection between mothers with post-natal depression (PND) and emotional-behavioral problems in their children. Mothers' psychopathology may impair interactional patterns with children and these outcomes can be influenced by father's psychopathological symptoms. The primary aim of the study was to assess over time parent-infant interaction in families where mothers have experienced postnatal depression and have received psychological treatment during the child's first year of life considering the severity of parents' psychopathological symptoms and children's temperament. Methods: Three groups of families were involved: families with mothers with PND wherein both parents followed a psychological treatment (TxMF); families with mothers affected by PND wherein only the mother followed the treatment (TxM) and control families wherein the mothers did not have a psychopathological diagnosis and did not receive any treatment (Con). The families were assessed at two time points through Symptom Check-List-90-Revised (SCL-90-R), Questionari Italiani Temperamento (QUIT) and the video-recorded procedure observing mealtime Scala di Valutazione Interazioni Alimentari (SVIA). Results: Parents in the TxMF group had significantly lower SVIA scores (i.e . less maladaptive) at T2. TxMF group scored lower at T2 at SCL-90-R, whereas TxM showed no significant differences between T1 and T2. Involvement of fathers in the treatment was important to improve the psychopathological symptoms of both parents and the quality of interactions with their children.
    Frontiers in Psychology 08/2015; 6:1210. DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01210. · 2.80 Impact Factor
    • "General psychopathology was assessed with the Dutch version [26] of the Symptom Check List (SCL-90; [27]), consisting of the following subscales: somatization, sleeping disorders, agoraphobia, depression, anxiety, inadequacy, sensitivity, hostility, and psychoneuroticism. "
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    ABSTRACT: Functional movement disorders (FMDs) fall within the broader category called functional neurological symptom disorder (FNSD). New DSM-5 criteria for FNSD no longer require the presence of a 'psychological conflict' suggesting that some patients with FMD may not have obvious psychological comorbidity. We studied patients with FMD in comparison to patients with a neurological movement disorder (MD) and healthy controls (HC) to identify whether there is a subgroup of patients with FMD who have normal psychological test scores. We assessed self-rated measures of depression/anxiety (SCL-90), dissociation and personality disorder (PDQ-4) in patients attending neurological clinics and healthy controls. The proportion of patients scoring within normal ranges was determined, and the levels of somatic and psychological symptoms were compared between the three groups. Among the FMD group, 39% (20/51) scored within the normal range for all measures compared to 38% (13/34) of MD subjects and 89% (47/53) of healthy controls. There were no differences in overall scores in the SCL-90 and PDQ-4 between FMD and MD patients. FMD patients also did not differ from controls on a self-rated measure of personality pathology. Our data show that a substantial proportion of patients with FMD score within the normal range in psychological questionnaires, lending some support to the new DSM-5 criteria. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Journal of psychosomatic research 06/2015; 79(3). DOI:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2015.06.002 · 2.74 Impact Factor
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    • "The diagnostic procedures with the control group were limited to standard clinic procedures. Diagnostic procedures at admission and before discharge thus consisted of the Symptom Checklist 90 Items revised version (SCL-90- R) (Derogatis et al. 1973) with all patients and the Beck depression Inventory (BDI) (Hautzinger et al. 2006) in addition in the study group. With both groups the Global Severity Index (GSI) and the depression scale of the SCL- 90-R were analyzed. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background Depression is a severe mental disorder that challenges mental health systems worldwide as the success rates of all established treatments are limited. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy is a scientifically acknowledged psychotherapeutic treatment for PTSD. Given the recent research indicating that trauma and other adverse life experiences can be the basis of depression, the aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of EMDR therapy with this disorder.Method In this study, we recruited a group of 16 patients with depressive episodes in an inpatient setting. These 16 patients were treated with EMDR therapy by reprocessing of memories related to stressful life events in addition to treatment as usual (TAU). They were compared to a group of 16 controls matched regarding diagnosis, degree of depression, sex, age and time of admission to hospital, which were receiving TAU only.ResultsSixty-eight percent of the patients in the EMDR group showed full remission at end of treatment. The EMDR group showed a greater reduction in depressive symptoms as measured by the SCL-90-R depression subscale. This difference was significant even when adjusted for duration of treatment. In a follow-up period of more than 1 year the EMDR group reported less problems related to depression and less relapses than the control group.ConclusionsEMDR therapy shows promise as an effective treatment for depressive disorders. Larger controlled studies are necessary to replicate our findings.
    Brain and Behavior 04/2015; 00342(00). DOI:10.1002/brb3.342 · 2.24 Impact Factor
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