X-ray Evidence for Multiple Absorbing Structures in Seyfert Galaxies

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
12/2004; DOI: 10.1142/9789812702432_0061
Source: arXiv


We have used X-ray spectra to measure attenuating columns in a large sample of Seyfert galaxies. Over 30 of these sources have resolved radio jets, allowing the relative orientation of the nucleus and host galaxy to be constrained. We have discovered that the distribution of absorbing columns is strongly correlated with the relative orientation of the Seyfert structures. This result is inconsistent with unification models including only a torus and is instead most readily explained if a second absorber is included: in addition to a Compton-thick, parsec-scale torus there would also be a larger-scale absorber with N_H < 10^{23} cm^{-2}. The second absorber is aligned with the host galactic plane while the torus is arbitrarily misaligned.

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Available from: Kimberly Ann Weaver, Mar 07, 2013