Nature, 426, 810-812 (2003)

Source: arXiv


Gravitational lensing is a powerful tool for the study of the distribution of dark matter in the Universe. The cold-dark-matter model of the formation of large-scale structures predicts the existence of quasars gravitationally lensed by concentrations of dark matter so massive that the quasar images would be split by over 7 arcsec. Numerous searches for large-separation lensed quasars have, however, been unsuccessful. All of the roughly 70 lensed quasars known, including the first lensed quasar discovered, have smaller separations that can be explained in terms of galaxy-scale concentrations of baryonic matter. Although gravitationally lensed galaxies with large separations are known, quasars are more useful cosmological probes because of the simplicity of the resulting lens systems. Here we report the discovery of a lensed quasar, SDSS J1004+4112, which has a maximum separation between the components of 14.62 arcsec. Such a large separation means that the lensing object must be dominated by dark matter. Our results are fully consistent with theoretical expectations based on the cold-dark-matter model.

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Available from: Francisco Javier Castander, May 07, 2013
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    ABSTRACT: The Faraday rotation measurements of multiply-imaged gravitational lens systems can be effectively used to probe the existence of large-scale ordered magnetic fields in lensing galaxies and galaxy clusters. The available sample of lens systems appears to suggest the presence of a coherent large-scale magnetic field in giant elliptical galaxies somewhat similar to the spiral galaxies. Comment: 11 pages, 1 figure
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    ABSTRACT: We analyse strong lensing in the Einstein–Straus solution with positive cosmological constant. Our result confirms Rindler and Ishak’s finding that a positive cosmological constant decreases the bending of light by an isolated spherical mass. In agreement with an analysis by Ishak et al., this decrease is found to be attenuated by a homogeneous mass distribution added around the spherical mass and by a recession of the observer. For concreteness we compare the theory to the light deflection of the lensed quasar SDSS J1004+4112.
    General Relativity and Gravitation 07/2009; 41(7):1595-1610. DOI:10.1007/s10714-008-0731-4 · 1.77 Impact Factor
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    General Relativity and Gravitation 06/2010; 43(6). DOI:10.1007/s10714-011-1152-3 · 1.77 Impact Factor