Radio galaxies in the 2SLAQ Luminous Red Galaxy Survey: I. The evolution of low-power radio galaxies to z~0.7

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (Impact Factor: 5.52). 12/2006; DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2007.12231.x
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT We have combined optical data from the 2dF-SDSS Luminous Red Galaxy and QSO (2SLAQ) redshift survey with radio measurements from the 1.4 GHz VLA FIRST and NVSS surveys to identify a volume-limited sample of 391 radio galaxies at redshift 0.4<z<0.7. By determining an accurate radio luminosity function for early-type galaxies in this redshift range, we can investigate the cosmic evolution of the radio-galaxy population over a wide range in radio luminosity. The low-power radio galaxies in our LRG sample (those with 1.4 GHz radio luminosities in the range 10^{24} to 10^{25} W/Hz, corresponding to FR I radio galaxies in the local universe) undergo significant cosmic evolution over the redshift range 0<z<0.7, consistent with pure luminosity evolution of the form (1+z)^k where k=2.0+/-0.3. Our results appear to rule out (at the 6-7 sigma level) models in which low-power radio galaxies undergo no cosmic evolution. The most powerful radio galaxies in our sample (with radio luminosities above 10^{26} W/Hz) may undergo more rapid evolution over the same redshift range. The evolution seen in the low-power radio-galaxy population implies that the total energy input into massive early-type galaxies from AGN heating increases with redshift, and was roughly 50% higher at z~0.55 (the median redshift of the 2SLAQ LRG sample) than in the local universe. Comment: 18 pages, 15 figures, one 10-page data table in landscape format. Replaced with final version accepted for publication in MNRAS

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: It has been speculated that low luminosity radio-loud AGN have the potential to serve as an important source of AGN feedback, and may be responsible for suppressing star-formation activity in massive elliptical galaxies at late times. As such the cosmic evolution of these sources is vitally important to understanding the significance of such AGN feedback processes and their influence on the global star-formation history of the universe. In this paper we present a new investigation of the evolution of faint radio sources out to $z{\sim}2.5$. We combine a 1 square degree VLA radio survey, complete to a depth of 100 $\mu$Jy, with accurate 10 band photometric redshifts from the VIDEO and CFHTLS surveys. The results indicate that the radio population experiences mild positive evolution out to $z{\sim}1.2$ increasing their space density by a factor of $\sim$3, consistent with results of several previous studies. Beyond $z$=1.2 there is evidence of a slowing down of this evolution. Star-forming galaxies drive the more rapid evolution at low redshifts, $z{<}$1.2, while more slowly evolving AGN populations dominate at higher redshifts resulting in a decline in the evolution of the radio luminosity function at $z{>}$1.2. The evolution is best fit by pure luminosity evolution with star-forming galaxies evolving as $(1+z)^{2.47\pm0.12}$ and AGN as $(1+z)^{1.18\pm0.21}$.
    Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 09/2013; 436(2). · 5.52 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We present a catalog of Faraday rotation measures (RMs) and redshifts for 4003 extragalactic radio sources detected at 1.4 GHz, derived by identifying optical counterparts and spectroscopic redshifts for linearly polarized radio sources from the NRAO VLA Sky Survey. This catalog is more than an order of magnitude larger than any previous sample of RM vs. redshift, and covers the redshift range 0 < z < 5.3 ; the median redshift of the catalog is z = 0.70, and there are more than 1500 sources at redshifts z > 1. For 3650 of these sources at Galactic latitudes |b| >= 20 degrees, we present a second catalog in which we have corrected for the foreground Faraday rotation of the Milky Way, resulting in an estimate of the residual rotation measure (RRM) that aims to isolate the contribution from extragalactic magnetic fields. We find no significant evolution of RRM with redshift, but observe a strong anti-correlation between RRM and fractional polarization, p, that we argue is the result of beam depolarization from small-scale fluctuations in the foreground magnetic field or electron density. We suggest that the observed variance in RRM and the anti-correlation of RRM with p both require a population of magnetized intervening objects that lie outside the Milky Way but in the foreground to the emitting sources.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We examine the hypothesis that mergers and close encounters between galaxies can fuel active galactic nuclei (AGNs) by increasing the rate at which gas accretes toward the central black hole. We compare the clustering of galaxies around radio-loud AGNs with the clustering around a population of radio-quiet galaxies with similar masses, colors, and luminosities. Our catalog contains 2178 elliptical radio galaxies with flux densities greater than 2.8 mJy at 1.4 GHz from the Six Degree Field Galaxy Survey. We find tentative evidence that radio AGNs with more than 200 times the median radio power have, on average, more close (r < 160 kpc) companions than their radio-quiet counterparts, suggesting that mergers play a role in forming the most powerful radio galaxies. For ellipticals of fixed stellar mass, the radio power is neither a function of large-scale environment nor halo mass, consistent with the radio powers of ellipticals varying by orders of magnitude over billions of years.
    The Astrophysical Journal 07/2013; 772(1):64. · 6.73 Impact Factor


Available from