"Offenders castrated under coercion might, for example, illicitly obtain testosterone or other anabolic steroids and thereby reverse the effects of surgery. Although this has not been reported to be a problem to date according to the literature (Stiirup, 1968, reports that one rapist in his study obtained testosterone), anabolic steroids are now easily available from the illicit market and are commonly used by body builders and other athletes (Brower, 1993). In any event, castration is probably not appropriate for a large proportion of offenders who have a history of diverse nonsexual offenses in addition to their sexual ones. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The authors review the literature on the psychology of sex offenders, variables associated with recidivism, actuarial methods to predict recidivism, and treatment. Sexual deviance measured phallometrically can discriminate, with high accuracy, between sex offenders and other men. Sex offenders remain at risk for a long time after release, and combinations of variables selected for their cumulative efficiency in predicting recidivism have been developed and validated. The ability of any interventions to effect reductions in recidivism is unknown. Methodologically sound evaluations of all intervention (therapy, drugs, community notification, registration, and supervision) should have high priority. Finally, application of the available data can increase the likelihood that new legislation intended to reduce the risk represented by sexual predators will have its intended results.
Psychology Public Policy and Law 01/1998; 4:73-115. · 1.93 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In Denmark the desire for psychiatric cooperation within the juridical system has on the whole been on the decline during the past decades. This applies both to the writing of psychiatric reports to the court, and to the sanction system.
Within civil forensic psychiatry, practice is almost unchanged and unchallenged, while the demand for one form of social forensic psychiatry has been drastically reduced with the liberalization of abortion and sterilization laws.
The present practice of penal forensic psychiatry is described. Remarks on the future organization and research are made.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Discusses 3 organic treatments for the sexual offender: antiandrogen or other hormonal agents, surgical castration, and stereotaxic neurosurgery. The relationship between the 3 treatments is dependent on the complex interactions between higher central nervous system (CNS) functions and neuroendocrine mechanisms mediated via the hypothalamic-pituitary axis, the testes, and their various feedback mechanisms. Background material, related studies, and the appropriate use of the treatments in the various types of male sexual offenders are reported. (4 p ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
Behavioral Sciences & the Law 09/1985; 3(4):355-375. DOI:10.1002/bsl.2370030404 · 0.96 Impact Factor
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