Treatment of sexual offenders in Herstedvester Denmark. The rapists.
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ABSTRACT: Hypersexuality is one of the most embarrassing behaviors for both patients and their families and there are no effective drug treatments for this sexual inappropriateness. To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a long-acting analog of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (triptorelin) in men with nonparaphilic hypersexuality (NPH). Primary outcome measure was the frequency of intercourse. The designated secondary outcome measures were the changes in International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) questionnaire and responses to the questions from the IIEF in the preceding month: question 11, "How often have you felt sexual desire?" and question 12, "How would you rate your level of sexual desire"? Seventy-six men (mean age 44.4 years) with NPH were treated with monthly intramuscular injections of 3.75 mg of triptorelin for an indefinite period. During treatment, serum luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), prolactin, testosterone (T), and free testosterone (fT), were measured monthly, and bone mineral density every 6 months. The mean sexual attempts decreased from 7.6 +/- 1.4 per day at baseline to 4.2 +/- 1.2 (P = 0.001), 1.2 +/- 0.4 (P = 0.001), and <1 per week (P = 0.0001), after 6-, 12-, and 24-month treatment, respectively. The mean scores for questions 11 and 12, improved from 6.8 +/- 1.1, and 6.6 +/- 1.2, at baseline to 0.7 +/- 0.4 (P = 0.0001), and 0.7 +/- 0.5 (P = 0.0001), at 24-month treatment, respectively. Positive response to triptorelin was significantly associated with severity of baseline hypersexuality (r = -0.62, P = 0.01), and treatment duration (r = 0.78, P = 0.001). These beneficial effects persisted 6 months in all men who were treated for at least 24 months. The serum LH and FSH concentrations begun to decrease after two doses of triptorelin. After 3 months, serum T, and fT levels decreased by 50% in 65 (85.5%) of patients (P = 0.01). Triptorelin was very effective and well tolerated in men with NPH. Further studies are needed to replicate our results.Journal of Sexual Medicine 12/2008; 6(4):1151-64. · 3.15 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The authors review the literature on the psychology of sex offenders, variables associated with recidivism, actuarial methods to predict recidivism, and treatment. Sexual deviance measured phallometrically can discriminate, with high accuracy, between sex offenders and other men. Sex offenders remain at risk for a long time after release, and combinations of variables selected for their cumulative efficiency in predicting recidivism have been developed and validated. The ability of any interventions to effect reductions in recidivism is unknown. Methodologically sound evaluations of all intervention (therapy, drugs, community notification, registration, and supervision) should have high priority. Finally, application of the available data can increase the likelihood that new legislation intended to reduce the risk represented by sexual predators will have its intended results.Psychology Public Policy and Law 01/1998; 4:73-115. · 1.93 Impact Factor
- 07/2009; 28(5):302-318.
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