The Power Spectrum of Supersonic Turbulence in Perseus

The Astrophysical Journal (Impact Factor: 5.99). 11/2006; 653(2). DOI: 10.1086/510620
Source: arXiv


We test a method of estimating the power spectrum of turbulence in molecular clouds based on the comparison of power spectra of integrated intensity maps and single-velocity-channel maps, suggested by Lazarian and Pogosyan. We use synthetic 13CO data from non-LTE radiative transfer calculations based on density and velocity fields of a simulation of supersonic hydrodynamic turbulence. We find that the method yields the correct power spectrum with good accuracy. We then apply the method to the Five College Radio Astronomy Observatory 13CO map of the Perseus region, from the COMPLETE website. We find a power law power spectrum with slope beta=1.81+-0.10. The values of beta as a function of velocity resolution are also confirmed using the lower resolution map of the same region obtained with the AT&T Bell Laboratories antenna. Because of its small uncertainty, this result provides a useful constraint for numerical codes used to simulate molecular cloud turbulence. Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures. ApJ Letters, in press

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    • "In addition, it is now generally accepted that the " Big Power Law in the Sky " indicates the presence of turbulence on scales from tens of parsecs to thousands of kilometers (Armstrong et al., 1995; Chepurnov and Lazarian, 2010). Among other sources, evidence for this comes from studies of atomic hydrogen spectra in molecular clouds and galaxies (see Lazarian and Pogosyan, 1999; Stanimirovi´c and Lazarian, 2001; Padoan et al., 2006, 2009; Chepurnov et al., 2010, see also review by Lazarian, 2009 and references therein), as well as recent studies of emission lines and Faraday rotation (see Burkhart et al., 2010; Gaensler et al., 2011). LV99's model uses the properties of turbulence to predict broad outflows from extended current sheets. "
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    ABSTRACT: We study a model of fast magnetic reconnection in the presence of weak turbulence proposed by Lazarian and Vishniac (1999) using three-dimensional direct numerical simulations. The model has been already successfully tested in Kowal et al. (2009) confirming the dependencies of the reconnection speed $V_{rec}$ on the turbulence injection power $P_{inj}$ and the injection scale $l_{inj}$ expressed by a constraint $V_{rec} \sim P_{inj}^{1/2} l_{inj}^{3/4}$ and no observed dependency on Ohmic resistivity. In Kowal et al. (2009), in order to drive turbulence, we injected velocity fluctuations in Fourier space with frequencies concentrated around $k_{inj}=1/l_{inj}$, as described in Alvelius (1999). In this paper we extend our previous studies by comparing fast magnetic reconnection under different mechanisms of turbulence injection by introducing a new way of turbulence driving. The new method injects velocity or magnetic eddies with a specified amplitude and scale in random locations directly in real space. We provide exact relations between the eddy parameters and turbulent power and injection scale. We performed simulations with new forcing in order to study turbulent power and injection scale dependencies. The results show no discrepancy between models with two different methods of turbulence driving exposing the same scalings in both cases. This is in agreement with the Lazarian and Vishniac (1999) predictions. In addition, we performed a series of models with varying viscosity $\nu$. Although Lazarian and Vishniac (1999) do not provide any prediction for this dependence, we report a weak relation between the reconnection speed with viscosity, $V_{rec}\sim\nu^{-1/4}$.
    Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics 03/2012; 19(2). DOI:10.5194/npg-19-297-2012 · 0.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Padoan and Nordlund model of the stellar initial mass function (IMF) is derived from low order statistics of supersonic turbulence, neglecting gravity (e.g. gravitational fragmentation, accretion and merging). In this work the predictions of that model are tested using the largest numerical experiments of supersonic hydrodynamic (HD) and magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence to date (~1000^3 computational zones) and three different codes (Enzo, Zeus and the Stagger Code). The model predicts a power law distribution for large masses, related to the turbulence energy power spectrum slope, and the shock jump conditions. This power law mass distribution is confirmed by the numerical experiments. The model also predicts a sharp difference between the HD and MHD regimes, which is recovered in the experiments as well, implying that the magnetic field, even below energy equipartition on the large scale, is a crucial component of the process of turbulent fragmentation. These results suggest that the stellar IMF of primordial stars may differ from that in later epochs of star formation, due to differences in both gas temperature and magnetic field strength. In particular, we find that the IMF of primordial stars born in turbulent clouds may be narrowly peaked around a mass of order 10 solar masses, as long as the column density of such clouds is not much in excess of 10^22 cm^-2.
    The Astrophysical Journal 01/2007; 661(2). DOI:10.1086/516623 · 5.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We review current understanding of star formation, outlining an overall theoretical framework and the observations that motivate it. A conception of star formation has emerged in which turbulence plays a dual role, both creating overdensities to initiate gravitational contraction or collapse, and countering the effects of gravity in these overdense regions. The key dynamical processes involved in star formation -- turbulence, magnetic fields, and self-gravity -- are highly nonlinear and multidimensional. Physical arguments are used to identify and explain the features and scalings involved in star formation, and results from numerical simulations are used to quantify these effects. We divide star formation into large-scale and small-scale regimes and review each in turn. Large scales range from galaxies to giant molecular clouds (GMCs) and their substructures. Important problems include how GMCs form and evolve, what determines the star formation rate (SFR), and what determines the initial mass function (IMF). Small scales range from dense cores to the protostellar systems they beget. We discuss formation of both low- and high-mass stars, including ongoing accretion. The development of winds and outflows is increasingly well understood, as are the mechanisms governing angular momentum transport in disks. Although outstanding questions remain, the framework is now in place to build a comprehensive theory of star formation that will be tested by the next generation of telescopes.
    Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics 08/2007; 45(1). DOI:10.1146/annurev.astro.45.051806.110602 · 33.35 Impact Factor
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