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# Abundance analysis of prime B-type targets for asteroseismology. I. Nitrogen excess in slowly-rotating β Cephei stars. A&A 457: 651-663

(Impact Factor: 4.38). 07/2006; 457. DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20065171
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT

We present the results of a detailed NLTE abundance study of nine beta Cephei stars, all of them being prime targets for theoretical modelling: gamma Peg, delta Cet, nu Eri, beta CMa, xi1 CMa, V836 Cen, V2052 Oph, beta Cep and DD (12) Lac. The following chemical elements are considered: He, C, N, O, Mg, Al, Si, S and Fe. Our abundance analysis is based on a large number of time-resolved, high-resolution optical spectra covering in most cases the entire oscillation cycle of the stars. Nitrogen is found to be enhanced by up to 0.6 dex in four stars, three of which have severe constraints on their equatorial rotational velocity, \Omega R, from seismic or line-profile variation studies: beta Cep (\Omega R~26 km/s), V2052 Oph (\Omega R~56 km/s), delta Cet (\Omega R < 28 km/s) and xi1 CMa (\Omega R sin i < 10 km/s). The existence of core-processed material at the surface of such largely unevolved, slowly-rotating objects is not predicted by current evolutionary models including rotation. We draw attention to the fact that three stars in this subsample have a detected magnetic field and briefly discuss recent theoretical work pointing to the occurrence of diffusion effects in beta Cephei stars possibly capable of altering the nitrogen surface abundance. On the other hand, the abundances of all the other chemical elements considered are, within the errors, indistinguishable from the values found for OB dwarfs in the solar neighbourhood. Despite the mild nitrogen excess observed in some objects, we thus find no evidence for a significantly higher photospheric metal content in the studied beta Cephei stars compared to non-pulsating B-type stars of similar characteristics. Comment: Accepted for publication in A&A, 21 pages, 7 figures

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##### Article: Hydrogen and helium line formation in OB dwarfs and giants. A hybrid non-LTE approach
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ABSTRACT: Aims: Hydrogen and helium line spectra are crucial diagnostic features for the quantitative analysis of OB stars. We compute synthetic spectra based on a hybrid non-LTE approach in order to test the ability of these models to reproduce high-resolution and high-S/N spectra of dwarf and giant stars and also to compare them with published grids of non-LTE (OSTAR2002) and LTE (Padova) models. Methods: Our approach solves the restricted non-LTE problem based on classical line-blanketed LTE model atmospheres. State-of-the-art model atoms and line-broadening theories are employed to model the H and He I/II spectra over the entire optical range and in the near-IR. Results: The synthetic spectra match almost all measurable hydrogen and helium lines observed in six test stars over a wide spectral range from the Balmer limit to the NIR, except for only a few well-understood cases. Our approach reproduces other published non-LTE calculations, however avoids inconsistencies with the modelling of the He I singlets recently discussed in the literature. It improves on the published LTE models in many aspects: non-LTE strengthening and the use of improved line-broadening data result in overall significant differences in the line profiles and equivalent widths of the Balmer and helium lines. Where possible, systematic effects on the stellar parameter determination are quantified, e.g. gravities derived from the Hgamma wings may be overestimated by up to ~0.2 dex at our upper temperature boundary in LTE. (abridged) Comment: 25 pages, 19 figures. Modified according to suggestions of the referee. Accepted for publication in A&A. Several figures in low resolution. A high-resolution pdf version of the preprint can be downloaded from http://www.sternwarte.uni-erlangen.de/~ai97/preprints/HHe_nieva.pdf
Astronomy and Astrophysics 08/2006; 467(1). DOI:10.1051/0004-6361:20065757 · 4.38 Impact Factor
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##### Article: The Belgian Contribution

10/2006; 1306:115.
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##### Article: The early-type close binary CV Velorum revisited
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ABSTRACT: Our goal was to improve the fundamental parameters of the massive close double-lined eclipsing B2.5V+B2.5V binary CV Velorum.We gathered new high-resolution echelle spectroscopy on 13 almost consecutive nights covering essentially two orbits. We computed a simultaneous solution to all the available high-quality radial-velocity and light data with the latest version of the Wilson-Deviney code. We obtained the following values for the physical parameters: $M_1 = 6.066(74) M_\odot$, $M_2 = 5.972(70) M_\odot$, $R_1 = 4.126(24) R_\odot$, $R_2 = 3.908(27) R_\odot$, $\log L_1 = 3.20(5) L_\odot$, and $\log L_2 = 3.14(5) L_\odot$. The quoted errors contain a realistic estimate of systematic uncertainties mainly stemming from the effective temperature estimation. We derived abundances for both components and found them to be compatible with those of B stars in the solar neighbourhood. We discovered low-amplitude periodic line-profile variations with the orbital frequency for both components. Their interpretation requires new data with a longer time span. The primary rotates subsynchronously while the secondary's $v\sin i$ and radius are compatible with synchronous rotation. Finally, we provide an update of the empirical mass-luminosity relation for main-sequence B stars which can be used for statistical predictions of masses or luminosities. Comment: 11 pages, 7 figures, accepted for publication in Astronomy & Astrophysics
Astronomy and Astrophysics 01/2007; 467(2). DOI:10.1051/0004-6361:20065506 · 4.38 Impact Factor