LOTIS Upper Limits and the Prompt OT from GRB 990123

12/1999; DOI: 10.1063/1.1361544
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT GRB 990123 established the existence of prompt optical emission from gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). The Livermore Optical Transient Imaging System (LOTIS) has been conducting a fully automated search for this kind of simultaneous low energy emission from GRBs since October 1996. Although LOTIS has obtained simultaneous, or near simultaneous, coverage of the error boxes obtained with BATSE, IPN, XTE, and BeppoSAX for several GRBs, image analysis resulted in only upper limits. The unique gamma-ray properties of GRB 990123, such as very large fluence (top 0.4%) and hard spectrum, complicate comparisons with more typical bursts. We scale and compare gamma-ray properties, and in some cases afterglow properties, from the best LOTIS events to those of GRB 990123 in an attempt to determine whether the prompt optical emission of this event is representative of all GRBs. Furthermore, using LOTIS upper limits in conjunction with the relativistic blast wave model, we weakly constrain the GRB and afterglow parameters such as density of the circumburster medium and bulk Lorentz factor of the ejecta. Comment: 5 pages, 2 figures, To appear in Proceedings of the 5th Huntsville Gamma-Ray Burst Symposium

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    ABSTRACT: LOTIS (Livermore Optical Transient Imaging System) is a gamma-ray burst optical counterpart search experiment located near Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California. The system is linked to the GCN (GRB Coordinates Network) real-time coordinate distribution network and can respond to a burst trigger in 6-15 seconds. LOTIS has a total field-of-view of 17.4 deg x 17.4 deg with a completeness sensitivity of m_V ~ 11 for a 10 second integration time. Since operations began in October 1996, LOTIS has responded to over 30 GCN/BATSE GRB triggers. Seven of these triggers are considered good events subject to the criteria of clear weather conditions, < 60 s response time, and > 50% coverage of the final BATSE 3sigma error circle. We discuss results from the first year of LOTIS operations with an emphasis on the observations and analysis of GRB 971006 (BATSE trigger 6414).
  • The GRB Coordinates Network (GCN): A Status Report”, in Gamma-Ray Bursts 4th Huntsville Symposium. S D Barthelmy . 99-103.
  • First Year Results from LOTIS”, in Gamma-Ray Bursts 4th Huntsville Symposium. G G Williams . 837-841.

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