• Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases 12/1971; 14(3):275-96. DOI:10.1016/0033-0620(71)90024-7 · 2.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In a comparative study in pigs the extent of myocardial infarction has been estimated following a temporary three hour coronary occlusion and following a permanent coronary ligation. For evaluation of the cellular injury the infarct size has been determined by a histochemical staining procedure and correlated with serum enzyme studies (creatine phosphokinase, alpha-hydroxybutyric dehydrogenase) in the surviving animal. No significant difference could be detected between the two experimental groups and the extent of cellular damage was similar. A strict linear correlation was found between the serum enzyme activity plotted logarithmically and the morphological infarct size. Likewise the incidence of ventricular fibrillation depended on the extent of cellular injury. Myocardial revascularization does not appear to benefit a pig heart subjected to an acute coronary occlusion lasting three hours or more. Revascularization may even be harmful by creating a haemorrhagic infarct, as found in all the animals submitted to a transient coronary occlusion.
    European Journal of Clinical Investigation 02/1976; 6(1):7-15. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2362.1976.tb00487.x · 2.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was designed to measure early sequential changes in blood flow to ischemic regions after acute coronary occlusion and to determine the relationship between blood flow and the extent of subsequent myocardial infarction. Initial studies were carried out on five dogs which verified using radioisotope-labeled microspheres, 7-10 mum in diameter, to measure changes in blood flow in small myocardial regions after acute coronary artery occlusions. Studies then were carried out on 11 awake dogs chronically prepared with dwelling catheters in the aorta and left atrium and occluders on the left circumflex coronary artery. Microspheres were injected via the left atrial catheter 45 seconds and 2, 6, and 24 hours after complete circumflex coronary occlusion. Six days later myocardial blood flow and the extent of histological infarction were determined for multiple samples from four transmural layers of the entire ischemic zone. Average blood flow to the circumflex region was 0.25 +/- 0.03 (SE), 0.39 +/- 0.05, and 0.53 +/- 0.07 ml/min per g at 45 seconds, and 2, 6, and 24 hours, respectively. When samples from each transmuarl layer were grouped according to increasing ranges of blood flow, the extent of infarction in each layer was inversely related to blood flow. When samples in the same range of blood flow were compared, the extent of infarction in endocardial samples exceeded that in epicardial samples. These data indicate that the relationship between a given measurement of regional blood flow after acute coronary occlusion and the extent of subsequent myocardial infarction varies in different transmural layers and is a function of the time after occlusion that blood flow is measured.
    Circulation Research 06/1976; 38(5):439-47. DOI:10.1161/01.RES.38.5.439 · 11.02 Impact Factor
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